Citrine is rare in nature. In the days before modern gemology, its tawny colour caused it to be confused with topaz. Today, its attractive colour, plus the durability and affordability it shares with most other quartzes, makes it the top-selling yellow-to-orange gem. In the contemporary market, citrine’s most popular shade is an earthy, deep, brownish or reddish orange.Citrine Description Citrine History and Lore
Birthstones & AnniversariesAlong with topaz, citrine is a birthstone for November. It’s also recognised as the gem that commemorates the thirteenth anniversary.
A trace of iron in citrine’s structure is responsible for its yellow-to-orange colour.
Natural citrine is rare. Most citrine on the market is the result of heat treatment of amethyst.
Citrine is recognised as one of the most popular and frequently purchased yellow gemstones.
Where It's Found
There are a number of processes used to alter the colour or apparent clarity, or to improve the durability of gems.Learn More
Some gemstones have synthetic counterparts that have essentially the same chemical, physical and optical properties, but are grown by man in a laboratory.Learn More
Any gem can be imitated – sometimes by man-made materials or by natural materials chosen by man to impersonate a particular gem.Learn More
Why We Love This Gemstone
Even fine citrine has a modest price tag. Large gems remain affordable, as price per carat does not rise dramatically for larger sizes.
Giant hollow crystal-lined amethyst geodes from areas like Brazil are often heated to become giant citrine “cathedrals.”
In Bolivia, amethyst and citrine colours can occur together in the same crystal. These unique gems are called ametrine.
The following factors combine to determine a citrine’s value.
Vivid yellows, reddish oranges and earth tones are popular with consumers.
Eye-visible inclusions are not common in citrine. If present, they decrease its value.
Citrine might be carved, custom-cut or calibrated for jewellery use.
Citrine is available in a wide range of sizes for setting into a variety of jewellery styles.
Citrine Quality Factors: The Comprehensive Guide
Explore sources, gemmological research and the role of gems in history.