Citrine is rare in nature. In the days before modern gemology, its tawny color caused it to be confused with topaz. Today, its attractive color, plus the durability and affordability it shares with most other quartzes, makes it the top-selling yellow-to-orange gem. In the contemporary market, citrine’s most popular shade is an earthy, deep, brownish or reddish orange.Citrine Description Citrine History and Lore
Birthstones & AnniversariesAlong with topaz, citrine is a birthstone for November. It’s also recognized as the gem that commemorates the thirteenth anniversary.
A trace of iron in citrine’s structure is responsible for its yellow-to-orange color.
Natural citrine is rare. Most citrine on the market is the result of heat treatment of amethyst.
Citrine is recognized as one of the most popular and frequently purchased yellow gemstones.
Yellow to orange to orangy red
1.544 to 1.553
- Mohs hardness: 7
Where It's Found
There are a number of processes used to alter the color, apparent clarity, or improve the durability of gems.Learn More
Some gemstones have synthetic counterparts that have essentially the same chemical, physical, and optical properties, but are grown by man in a laboratory.Learn More
Any gem can be imitated—sometimes by manmade materials or by natural materials chosen by man to impersonate a particular gem.Learn More
Why We Love This Gemstone
Even fine citrine has a modest price tag. Large gems remain affordable, as price per carat does not rise dramatically for larger sizes.
Giant hollow crystal-lined amethyst geodes from areas like Brazil are often heated to become giant citrine “cathedrals.”
In Bolivia, amethyst and citrine colors can occur together in the same crystal. These unique gems are called ametrine.
The following factors combine to determine a citrine’s value.
Vivid yellows, reddish oranges, and earth tones are popular with consumers.
Eye-visible inclusions are not common in citrine. If present, they decrease its value.
Citrine might be carved, custom-cut, or calibrated for jewelry use.
Citrine is available in a wide range of sizes for setting into a variety of jewelry styles.
Citrine Quality Factors: The Comprehensive Guide
Explore sources, gemological research, and the role of gems in history.