Scheelite and Hübnerite Inclusions in Quartz from China
The specimen contained about 25 small pseudo-octahedral crystals up to 2 mm with an adamantine luster. Most of the crystals were black, but some were colorless. Under long-wave UV light, both crystal types are inert; under short-wave UV light, the colorless crystals showed a strong bluish fluorescence, indicating scheelite (figure 1, right). Nevertheless, the black crystals were not fluorescent and their edges were red-brown, a typical color for Mn-rich members of the wolframite group, (Fe, Mn)WO4. Raman testing (by Prof. Albert Gilg, Technical University of Munich) identified colorless crystals as scheelite (figure 2) and black crystals as the mineral hübnerite (figure 3), with the strongest peak at 877 cm–1. Their pseudo-octahedral form confirmed their origin as a pseudomorph after scheelite.