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Citrine is the transparent, pale yellow to brownish orange variety of quartz.

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Fashioned citrines can be large. This one weighs almost twenty carats.

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The lack of eye-visible inclusions is a sought-after citrine quality.

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Yellow, reddish orange and brown colour zoning highlight this citrine.

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Reddish orange

This attractive reddish orange colour is popular with consumers.

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Large crystals

This 65.50-carat rough will yield a significant faceted gem.

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This citrine crystal terminates in a well-shaped point.

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About Citrine

Citrine’s top colours include yellow, shades of orange, and orangy red. These five gems are good examples of desirable citrine colours. Citrine colours are often brownish, but these gems’ colours are vibrant. - Robert Weldon

Citrine is rare in nature. In the days before modern gemology, its tawny colour caused it to be confused with topaz. Today, its attractive colour, plus the durability and affordability it shares with most other quartzes, makes it the top-selling yellow-to-orange gem. In the contemporary market, citrine’s most popular shade is an earthy, deep, brownish or reddish orange.

Citrine Description

Citrine History and Lore

Birthstones & Anniversaries

Along with topaz, citrine is a birthstone for November. It’s also recognised as the gem that commemorates the thirteenth anniversary.


A trace of iron in citrine’s structure is responsible for its yellow-to-orange colour.


Natural citrine is rare. Most citrine on the market is the result of heat treatment of amethyst.


Citrine is recognised as one of the most popular and frequently purchased yellow gemstones.


  • Mineral: Quartz
    Chemical composition


There are a number of processes used to alter the colour or apparent clarity, or to improve the durability of gems.

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Some gemstones have synthetic counterparts that have essentially the same chemical, physical and optical properties, but are grown by man in a laboratory.

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Any gem can be imitated – sometimes by man-made materials or by natural materials chosen by man to impersonate a particular gem.

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gem love

Why We Love This Gemstone


Even fine citrine has a modest price tag. Large gems remain affordable, as price per carat does not rise dramatically for larger sizes.


Giant hollow crystal-lined amethyst geodes from areas like Brazil are often heated to become giant citrine “cathedrals.”


In Bolivia, amethyst and citrine colours can occur together in the same crystal. These unique gems are called ametrine.

Quality Factors

The following factors combine to determine a citrine’s value.


quality factors

Vivid yellows, reddish oranges and earth tones are popular with consumers.


quality factors

Eye-visible inclusions are not common in citrine. If present, they decrease its value.


quality factors

Citrine might be carved, custom-cut or calibrated for jewellery use.

Carat Weight

quality factors

Citrine is available in a wide range of sizes for setting into a variety of jewellery styles.

Citrine Quality Factors: The Comprehensive Guide


Explore sources, gemmological research and the role of gems in history.

Citrine from Zambia

Donna Beaton , Apr 2, 2014 Read Article

Ametrine with Layers of Smoky Quartz

Dr. Michael S. Krzemnicki , Jun 1, 2000 Read more in English