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Collectors love kunzite for its colour range, from delicate pastel pink to intense violetish purple.

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Beautiful pink

Kunzite’s attractive colour comes from trace amounts of manganese.

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Kunzite displays different colours when viewed from different angles.

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Cut challenges

Kunzite can be difficult to cut because of its cleavage.

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Kunzite cleaves in two directions, which can make cutting difficult.

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Kunzite can fade with prolonged exposure to strong light.

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Kunzite crystals typically have irregular terminations.

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About Kunzite


Kunzite is the best-known variety of the mineral spodumene. It’s named after famed gemmologist George Frederick Kunz, who was the first to identify it as a unique variety of spodumene. Kunzite gets its delicate colour from trace amounts of manganese. California’s San Diego County is an important source of kunzite.

Kunzite Description

Kunzite History and Lore

Kunzite Journey

Birthstones & Anniversaries

Some consider kunzite to be an alternate birthstone for February.


Kunzite is the best-known variety of spodumene. Others are green hiddenite and yellow triphane.

A “New” Gem

Kunzite was first recognised as a unique variety of spodumene around 1902.


The pegmatites that yield kunzite are also a source of lithium.


  • Mineral: Spodumene
    Chemical composition


There are a number of processes used to alter the colour or apparent clarity, or to improve the durability of gems.

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Some gemstones have synthetic counterparts that have essentially the same chemical, physical and optical properties, but are grown by man in a laboratory.

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Any gem can be imitated – sometimes by man-made materials or by natural materials chosen by man to impersonate a particular gem.

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gem love

Why We Love This Gemstone


In spite of its rarity and beauty, kunzite can be quite affordable because it’s relatively unknown.


Kunzite is monoclinic and its crystals often take on a blade-like shape. Its rough form is dramatic.


Kunzites are found in pegmatite deposits, often along with tourmaline, beryl, and other gems.

Quality Factors

The following factors combine to determine a kunzite’s value.


quality factors

Colour is kunzite’s most important value factor. The more vivid the colour, the higher the value.


quality factors

Kunzite is usually very clean, so inclusions that affect its transparency can reduce the gem’s value.


quality factors

Skilled cutters can bring out kunzite’s beauty despite challenges from its two cleavage directions.

Carat Weight

quality factors

It’s not unusual to find kunzite in large sizes. This is an extremely large example that
weighs 648.10 carats.

Kunzite Quality Factors: The Comprehensive Guide


Explore sources, gemmological research and the role of gems in history.

Radioactive Irradiated Spodumene

George R. Rossman and Yuanxun Qiu , Jun 1, 1982 Read more in English

A Status Report on Gemstones from Afghanistan

Gary W. Bowersox , Dec 1, 1985 Read more in English

The Cutting Properties of Kunzite

John L. Ramsey , Dec 1, 1981 Read more in English

Gem-Bearing Pegmatites: A Review

James E. Shigley and Anthony R. Kamp , Jun 1, 1984 Read more in English