Research Publication Archive

The following list shows articles published in academic journals in recent years that were authored or coauthored by GIA researchers. The list illustrates the range of topics that are the subjects of research projects at GIA. It also shows the variety of journals where we publish our research results, and the names of scientists at other institutions with whom we have been collaborating. By going to the websites of these journals, one can find article abstracts or the complete articles for those seeking additional information.


Bassoo R., Befus K. (2022) A look at diamonds and diamond mining in Guyana. Gems & Gemology, Vol. 58, No. 2, pp. 138–155. http://dx.doi.org/10.5741/GEMS.58.2.138

Bloch E.M., Jollands M.C., Tollan P., Plane F., Bouvier A.S., Hervig R., Berry A.J., Zaubitzer C., Escrig S., Müntener O., Ibañez-Mejia M., Alleon J., Meibom A., Baumgartner L.P., Marin-Carbonne J., Newville M. (2022) Diffusion anisotropy of Ti in zircon and implications for Ti-in zircon thermometry. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol. 578, Article 117317. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2021.117317

D’Haenens-Johansson U.F.S., Butler J.E., Katrusha A.N. (2022) Synthesis of diamonds and their identification. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, Vol. 88, No. 1, pp. 689–753. https://doi.org/10.2138/rmg.2022.88.13

Green B.L., Collins A.T., Breeding C.M. (2022) Diamond spectroscopy, defect centers, color, and treatments. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, Vol. 88, No. 1, pp. 637–688. https://doi.org/10.2138/rmg.2022.88.12

Gu T., Pamato M.G., Novella D., Alvaro M. Fournelle J., Brenker F.E., Wang W., Nestola F. (2022) Hydrous peridotitic fragments of Earth’s mantle 660 km discontinuity sampled by a diamond. Nature Geoscience, Article s41561-022-01024. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41561-022-01024-y
Harris J.W., Smit K.V., Fedortchouk Y., Moore M. (2022) Morphology of monocrystalline diamond and its inclusions. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, Vol. 88, No. 1, pp. 119–166. https://doi.org/10.2138/rmg.2022.88.02

Hoare B.C., Tomlinson A.L., Kamber B.S. (2022) Evidence for a very thick Kaapvaal craton root: Implications for equilibrium fossil geotherms in the early continental lithosphere, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol. 597, Article 117796. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2022.117796

Jin S.Y., Sun Z.Y., Palke A.C. (2022) Iron oxide inclusions and exsolution textures of rainbow lattice sunstone. European Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 34, No. 2, pp. 183–200. https://doi.org/10.5194/ejm-34-183-2022

Kazuchits N.M., Kazuchits V.N., Rusetsky M.S., Mazanik A.V., Skuratov V.A., Moe K.S., Zaitsev A.M. (2022) Luminescence of negatively charged single vacancies in diamond: ND1 center. Diamond and Related Materials, Vol. 121, Article 108741. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diamond.2021.108741

Lai M.Y., Stachel T., Stern R.A., Hardman M.F., Pearson D.G., Harris J.W. (2022) Formation of mixed paragenesis diamonds during multistage growth – Constraints from in situ δ13C-δ15N-[N] analyses of Koidu diamonds. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Vol. 323, pp. 20–39. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2022.02.020

McGunnigle J.P., Cano E.J., Sharp Z.D., Muehlenbachs K., Cole D., Hardman M.F., Stachel T., Pearson D.G. (2022) Triple oxygen isotope evidence for a hot Archean ocean. Geology, Vol. 50, No. 9, pp. 991–995. https://doi.org/10.1130/G50230.1

Smit K.V., Timmerman S., Aulbach S., Shirey S.B., Richardson S.H., Phillips D., Pearson G.P. (2022) Geochronology of diamonds. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, Vol. 88, No 1, pp. 567–636. https://doi.org/10.2138/rmg.2022.88.11

Smith E.M. (2022) Diamond Reflections: Deep-focus earthquakes – The heartbeat of a diamond factory? Gems & Gemology, Vol. 58, No. 1, pp. 72–79. https://www.gia.edu/gems-gemology/spring-2022-diamond-reflections-deep-focus-earthquakes-heartbeat-diamond-factory

Smith E.M., Krebs M.Y., Genzel P.T., Brenker F.E. (2022) Raman identification of inclusions in diamonds. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, Vol. 88, No. 1, pp. 451–473. https://doi.org/10.2138/rmg.2022.88.08

Sun Z., Palke A. C., Renfro N. D., Rizzo J. M., Hand D. B., Sanchez D. (2022) Quantitative definition of strength of chromophores in gemstones and the impact on color change in pyralspite garnets. Color Research and Application, Vol. 47, No. 5, pp. 1134–1154. https://doi.org/10.1002/col.22789

Tsai T.H., Wang Z., Takahashi H. (2022) Reversible photochromic effect in natural gemstone sapphires. Optics Letters Vol. 47, issue 22, pp. 5805-5808 https://opg.optica.org/ol/abstract.cfm?uri=ol-47-22-5805

Walter M.J., Thomson A.R., Smith E.M. (2022) Geochemistry of silicate and oxide inclusions in sublithospheric diamonds. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, Vol. 88, No. 1, pp. 393–450. https://doi.org/10.2138/rmg.2022.88.07

Wang Z., Tsai T.H., Takahashi H. (2022) Rapid screening of a photochromic Padparadscha-like sapphire using absorption spectroscopy. Applied Optics, Vol. 61, No. 27, pp.8108–8114. https://doi.org/10.1364/AO.460718


Bassoo R., Befus K.S. (2021) Composition of the sub-cratonic mantle of the Guiana Shield inferred from diamond-hosted inclusions. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, Vol. 22, No. 6, Art. e2021GC009841. https://doi.org/10.1029/2021GC009841

Bassoo R., Befus K.S., Liang P., Forman S.L., Sharman G. (2021) Deciphering the enigmatic origin of Guyana’s diamonds. American Mineralogist, Vol. 106, No. 1, pp. 54–68. https://doi.org/10.2138/am-2020-7486

Belley P.M., Palke A.C. (2021) Purple gem spinel from Vietnam and Afghanistan: Comparison of trace element chemistry, cause of color, and inclusions. Gems & Gemology, Vol. 57, No. 3, pp. 228–238. https://doi.org/10.5741/GEMS.57.3.228

Eaton-Magaña S., Ardon T., Breeding C.M. (2021) Laboratory-grown diamond: A gemological laboratory perspective. Journal of Gems & Gemmology, Vol. 23, No. 6, pp. 25–39.  http://jogg.cug.edu.cn/cn/article/doi/10.15964/j.cnki.027jgg.2021.06.003

Eaton-Magaña S., Breeding C.M., Palke A.C., Homkrajae A., Sun Z.Y., McElhenny G. (2021) Raman and photoluminescence mapping of gem materials. Minerals, Vol. 11, No. 2, Article 177. https://doi.org/10.3390/min11020177

Fan N., Zhou C.H., Myagkaya E. (2021) Investigation of nacre nanostructure by analyzing its structural color pattern. Scientific Reports, Vol. 11, Article 19686. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-99327-4

Hardman M.F., Stachel T., Pearson D.G., Cano E.J., Stern R.A., Sharp Z.D. (2021) Characterizing the distinct crustal protoliths of Roberts Victor Type I and II eclogites. Journal of Petrology, Vol. 62, No. 12, Article egab090. https://doi.org/10.1093/petrology/egab090

Ho J.W.Y., Shih S.C. (2021) Charts: Pearl classification: The GIA 7 pearl value factors. Gems & Gemology, Vol. 57, No. 2, pp. 135–137. http://dx.doi.org/10.5741/GEMS.57.2.135

Homkrajae A., Manustrong A., Nilpetploy N., Sturman N., Lawanwong K., Kessrapong P. (2021) Internal structure of known Pinctada maxima pearls: Natural pearls from wild marine mollusks. Gems & Gemology, Vol. 57, No. 1, pp. 2–21. http://dx.doi.org/10.5741/GEMS.57.1.2

Homkrajae A., Nilpetploy N., Manustrong A., Sturman N., Lawanwong K., Kessrapong P. (2021) Internal structure of known Pinctada maxima pearls: Cultured pearls from operated marine mollusks. Gems & Gemology, Vol. 57, No. 3, pp. 186–205. http://dx.doi.org/10.5741/GEMS.57.3.186

Jin S.Y., Xu H.F., Lee S.Y. (2021) Revisiting the Bøggild intergrowth in iridescent labradorite feldspars: Ordering, kinetics, and phase equilibria. Minerals, Vol. 11, No. 7, Article 727. https://doi.org/10.3390/min11070727

Luo Y., Nelson D., Ardon T.,  Breeding C.M. (2021) Measurement and characterization of the effects of blue fluorescence on diamond appearance. Gems & Gemology, Vol. 57, No. 2, pp. 102–123. http://dx.doi.org/10.5741/GEMS.57.2.102

Nilpetploy N., Lawanwong K., Kessrapong P., Manustrong A., Sturman N. (2021) A study on improving the surface appearance of low-quality Pinctada maxima bead cultured pearls. GIA Research & Newshttps://www.gia.edu/gia-news-research/improving-surface-appearance-low-quality-pinctada-maxima-bead-cultured-pearls

Renfro N.D., Koivula J.I., McClure S.F., Schumacher K., Shigley J.E. (2021) Charts: Micro-features of spinel. Gems & Gemology, Vol. 57, No. 1, pp. 46–49. http://dx.doi.org/10.5741/GEMS.57.1.46

Shen C., Palke A., Sun Z.Y., Fairchild M.D. (2021) How to calculate color from spectra of uniaxial gemstones. Gems & Gemology, Vol. 57, No. 1, pp. 36–45. http://dx.doi.org/10.5741/GEMS.57.1.36

Smith E.M., Nestola F., Pasqualetto L., Zorzi F., Seccon L., Wang W. (2021) The new mineral Crowningshieldite: A high-temperature NiS polymorph found in a type IIa diamond from the Letseng mine, Lesotho. American Mineralogist, Vol. 106, No. 2, pp. 301–309. https://doi.org/10.2138/am-2020-7567

Smith E.M., Ni P., Shirey S.B., Richardson S.H., Wang W., Shahar A. (2021) Heavy iron in large gem diamonds traces deep subduction of serpentinized ocean floor. Science Advances, Vol. 7, No. 14, Article eabe9773. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.abe9773

Smith E.M., Nestola F. (2021) Super-deep diamonds: Emerging deep mantle insights from the past decade. In: Marquardt H. et al. (eds.), Mantle Convection and Surface Expressions, Wiley, pp. 179–192. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119528609.ch7

Smith EM. (2021) Chapter 5: Fluid and melt inclusions in diamond as insight into mantle processes. In: Lecumberri-Sanchez P., Steele-MacInnis M., Kontak D. (eds.) Fluid and Melt Inclusions: Applications to Geologic Processes. Mineralogical Association of Canada Short Course Series, Vol. 49, pp. 109–122.

Stone-Sundberg J.L., Guan Y.B., Sun Z.Y., Ardon T. (2021) Accurate trace element reporting in corundum: Development of secondary ion mass spectrometry relative sensitivity factors. Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research, Vol. 45, No. 1, pp. 207–221. https://doi.org/10.1111/ggr.12360

Tsai T.H., Zhou C.H. (2021) Rapid detection of color-treated pearls and separation of pearl types using fluorescence analysis. Applied Optics, Vol. 60, pp. 5837–5845. https://doi.org/10.1364/AO.427203

Tsai T.H., D’Haenens-Johansson U.F.S. (2021) Rapid gemstone screening and identification using fluorescence spectroscopy. Applied Optics, Vol. 60, No.12, pp. 3412–3421. https://doi.org/10.1364/AO.419885

Zaitsev A.M., Kazuchits N.M., Moe K.S., Butler J.E., Korolik O.V., Rusetsky M.S., Kazuchits V.N. (2021) Luminescence of brown CVD diamond: 468 nm luminescence center. Diamond and Related Materials, Vol. 113, Article 108255. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diamond.2021.108255

Zhou C.H., Ho J.W.Y., Shih S.C., Tsai T.H., Sun Z.Y., Persaud S., Qi L.J. (2021) Detection of color treatment and optical brightening in Chinese freshwater “Edison” pearls. Gems & Gemology, Vol. 57, No. 2, pp. 124–134. http://dx.doi.org/10.5741/GEMS.57.2.124

Zhou C.H. (2021) A brief history of pearl testing through the pages of Gems & Gemology. Journal of the Gemmological Association of Hong Kong, Vol. 42, pp. 88–95. http://www.gahk.org/journal/2021/a18.pdf


Ashfold M.N.R., Goss J.P., Green B.L., May P.W., Newton M.E., Peaker C.V. (2020) Nitrogen in diamond. Chemical Reviews, Vol. 120, No. 12, pp. 5745–6794. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemrev.9b00518

Breeding C.M., Eaton-Magaña S., Shigley J.E. (2020) Naturally colored yellow and orange gem diamonds: The nitrogen factor. Gems & Gemology, Vol. 56, No. 2, pp. 194–219. http://dx.doi.org/10.5741/GEMS.56.2.194

Breeze B.G., Meara C.J., Wu X.X., Michaels C.P., Gupta R., Diggle P.L., Dale M.W., Cann B.L., Ardon T., D’Haenens-Johansson U.F.S., Friel I., Rayson M.J., Briddon P.R., Goss J.P., Newton M.E., Green B.L. (2020) Doubly charged silicon vacancy centers, Si-N complexes, and photochromism in N and Si codoped diamond. Physical Review B, Vol. 101, No. 18, Article 184115. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.101.184115

Diggle P.L., D’Haenens-Johansson U.F.S., Green B.L., Welbourn C.M., Thi T.N.T., Katrusha A., Wang W., Newton M.E. (2020) Decoration of growth sector boundaries with nitrogen vacancy centers in as-grown single-crystal high-pressure high-temperature synthetic diamond. Physical Review Materials, Vol. 4, No. 9, Article 093402. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.4.093402

Dubinsky E.V., Stone-Sundberg J., Emmett J.L. (2020) A quantitative description of the causes of color in corundum. Gems & Gemology, Vol. 56, No. 1, pp. 2–28. http://dx.doi.org/10.5741/GEMS.56.1.2

Eaton-Magaña S., McElhenny G., Breeding C.M., Ardon T. (2020) Comparison of gemological and spectroscopic features in type IIa and Ia natural pink diamonds. Diamond and Related Materials, Vol. 105, Article 107784. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diamond.2020.107784

Eaton-Magaña S., Ardon T. (2020) Spatial distribution of defects in natural type IIb diamond after irradiation and annealing. Diamond and Related Materials, Vol. 109, Article 108034. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diamond.2020.108034

Eaton-Magaña S., Ardon T., Breeding C.M., Shigley J.E. (2020) Natural color D-to-Z diamonds: A crystal clear perspective. Gems & Gemology, Vol. 56, No. 3, pp. 318–335. http://dx.doi.org/10.5741/GEMS.56.3.335

Gu T.T., Ritterbex S., Tsuchiya T., Wang W. (2020) Novel configurations of VN4 and VN4H defects in diamond platelets: Structure, energetics and vibrational properties. Diamond and Related Materials, Vol. 108, Article 107957. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diamond.2020.107957

Howell D., Stachel T., Stern R.A., Pearson D.G., Nestola F., Hardman M.F., Harris J.W., Jaques A.L., Shirey S.B., Cartigny P., Smith K.V., Aulbach S., Brenker F.E., Jacob D.E., Thomassot E., Walter M.J., Navon O. (2020) Deep carbon through time: Earth’s diamond record and its implications for carbon cycling and fluid speciation in the mantle. Geochemica et Cosmochimica Acta, Vol. 275, pp. 99–122. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2020.02.011

Kessrapong P., Lawanwong K. (2020) Atypical bead cultured Pinctada maxima pearls nucleated with freshwater non-bead cultured pearls. GIA Research & News https://www.gia.edu/doc/Atypical-Bead-Cultured-Nucleated-with-Freshwater-NBCP.pdf

Krebs M.Y., Hardman M.F., Pearson D.G., Luo Y., Fagan A.J., Sarkar C. (2020) An evaluation of the potential for determination of the geographic origin of ruby and sapphire using an expanded trace element suite plus Sr-Pb isotope compositions. Minerals, Vol. 10, No. 5, Article 447. https://doi.org/10.3390/min10050447

Lai M.Y., Breeding C.M., Stachel T., Stern R.A. (2020) Spectroscopic features of natural and HPHT-treated yellow diamonds. Diamond and Related Materials, Vol. 101, Article 107642. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diamond.2019.107642

Lai M.Y., Stachel T. Breeding C.M., Stern R.A. (2020) Yellow diamonds with colourless cores – Evidence for episodic diamond growth beneath Chidliak and the Ekati mine, Canada. Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol. 114, No. 2, pp. 91–103. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00710-020-00693-0

Palke A.C. (2020) Coexisting rubies and blue sapphires from major world deposits: A brief review of the mineralogical properties. Minerals, Vol. 10, No. 5, Article 472. https://doi.org/10.3390/min10050472

Saeseaw S., Khowpong C., Vertriest W. (2020) Low-temperature heat treatment of pink sapphires from Ilakaka, Madagascar. Gems & Gemology, Vol. 56, No. 4, pp. 448–457. http://dx.doi.org/10.5741/GEMS.56.4.448

Smit K.V., Shirey S.B. (2020) Diamonds from the Deep: Diamonds are not forever! Diamond dissolution. Gems & Gemology, Vol. 56, No. 1, pp. 148–155. https://www.gia.edu/gems-gemology/spring-2020-diamond-dissolution

Smit K.V., Shirey S.B. (2020) Diamonds from the Deep: What have diamond ages taught us? Gems & Gemology, Vol. 56, No. 4, pp. 534–541. https://www.gia.edu/gems-gemology/winter-2020-what-have-diamond-ages-taught-us

Sturman N., Lawanwong K., Kitdee N., Chodhry D. (2020) Vietnam: Shell nuclei, pearl hatcheries, and pearl farming. Gems & Gemology, Vol. 56, No. 3, pp. 402–415. http://dx.doi.org/10.5741/GEMS.56.3.402

Vertriest W., Palke A. (2020) Identification of opaque sulfide inclusions in rubies from Mogok, Myanmar and Montepuez, Mozambique. Minerals, Vol. 10, No. 6, Article 492. https://doi.org/10.3390/min10060492

Zaitsev A.M., Kazuchits N.M., Kazuchits V.N., Moe K.S., Rusetsky M.S., Korolik O.V., Kitajima K., Butler J.E., Wang W. (2020) Nitrogen-doped CVD diamond: Nitrogen concentration, color and internal stress. Diamond and Related Materials, Vol. 105, Article 107794. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diamond.2020.107794

Zhou C.H., Tsai T.H., Sturman N., Nilpetploy N., Manustrong A., Lawanwong K. (2020) Optical whitening and brightening of pearls: A fluorescence spectroscopy study. Gems & Gemology, Vol. 56, No. 2, pp. 258–265. http://dx.doi.org/10.5741/GEMS.56.2.258


Eaton-Magaña S., Ardon T., Breeding C.M., Shigley J.E. (2019) Natural-color fancy white and fancy black diamonds: Where color and clarity converge. Gems & Gemology, Vol. 55, No. 3, pp. 320–337. http://dx.doi.org/10.5741/GEMS.55.3.320

Gu T., Ohfuji H., Wang W. (2019) Origin of milky optical features in type IaB diamonds: Dislocations, nano-inclusions, and polycrystalline diamond. America Mineralogist, Vol. 104, No. 5, pp. 652–658. https://doi.org/10.2138/am-2019-6699

Groat L.A., Giuliani G., Stone-Sundberg J., Sun Z.Y., Renfro N.D., Palke A.C. (2019) A review of analytical methods used in geographic origin determination of gemstones. Gems & Gemology, Vol. 55, no. 4. http://dx.doi.org/10.5741/GEMS.55.4.512

Howell D., Collins A.T., Loudin L.C., Diggle P.L., D'Haenens-Johansson U.F.S., Smit K.V., Katrusha A.N., Butler J.E., Nestola F. (2019) Automated FTIR mapping of boron distribution in diamond. Diamond and Related Materials, Vol. 96, pp. 207–215. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diamond.2019.02.029

Howell D., Stachel T., Stern R.A., Pearson D.G., Nestola F., Hardman M.F., Harris J.W., Jaques A.L., Shirey S.B., Cartigny P., Smit K.V., Aulbach S., Brenker F.E., Jacob D.E., Thomassot E, Walter MJ, Navon O. (2019) Deep carbon through time: Earth’s diamond record and its implications for carbon cycling and fluid speciation in the mantle. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 275:99–122. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2020.02.011

Kazuchits N.M., Rusetsky M.S., Kazuchits V.N., Korolik O.V., Kumar V., Moe K.S., Wang W., Zaitsev A.M. (2019) Comparison of HPHT and LPHT annealing of Ib synthetic diamond. Diamond and Related Materials, Vol. 91, pp. 156–164. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diamond.2018.11.018

Palke A.C., Saeseaw S., Renfro N.D., Sun Z.Y., McClure S.F. (2019) Geographic origin determination of blue sapphire. Gems & Gemology, Vol. 55, No. 4, pp. 536–579.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5741/GEMS.55.4.536

Palke A.C., Saeseaw S., Renfro N.D., Sun Z.Y., McClure S.F. (2019) Geographic origin determination of ruby. Gems & Gemology, Vol. 55, No. 4, pp. 580–612. http://dx.doi.org/10.5741/GEMS.55.4.580

Saeseaw S., Renfro N.D., Palke A.C., Sun Z.Y., McClure S.F. (2019) Geographic origin determination of emerald. Gems & Gemology, Vol. 55, No. 4, pp. 614–646 http://dx.doi.org/10.5741/GEMS.55.4.614

Shirey S.B., Smit K.V., Pearson D.G., Walter M.J., Aulbach S., Brenker F.E., Bureau H., Burnham A.D., Cartigny P., Chacko T., Frost D.J., Hauri E.H., Jacob D.E., Jacobsen S.D., Kohn S.C., Luth R.W., Mikhail S., Navon O., Nestola F., Nimis P., Palot M., Smith E.M., Stachel T., Stagno V., Steele A., Stern R.A., Thomassot E., Thomson A.R., Weiss Y. (2019) Diamonds and the mantle geodynamics of carbon: Deep mantle carbon evolution from the diamond record. In: Orcutt B.N, Daniel I., Dasgupta R. (eds.) Deep Carbon: Past to Present, Cambridge University Press, pp. 89–128. https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108677950

Smit K.V., Stachel T., Luth R.W., Stern R.A. (2019) Evaluating mechanisms for eclogitic diamond growth: An example from Zimmi Neoproterozoic diamonds (West African craton). Chemical Geology, Vol. 520, pp. 21–32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2019.04.014

Smit K.V., Shirey S.B., Hauri E.H., Stern R.A. (2019) Sulfur isotopes in diamonds reveal differences in continent construction. Science, Vol. 364, pp. 383–385. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaw9548

Sun Z.Y., Palke A.C., Muyal J., DeGhionno D., and McClure S.F. (2019) Geographic origin determination of alexandrite. Gems & Gemology, Vol. 55, No. 4, pp. 660–681. http://dx.doi.org/10.5741/GEMS.55.4.660

Sun Z.Y., Palke A.C., Breeding C.M., Dutrow B.L. (2019) A new method for determining gem tourmaline species by LA-ICP-MS. Gems & Gemology, Vol. 55, No. 1, pp. 2–17. http://dx.doi.org/10.5741/GEMS.55.1.2

Vertriest W., Palke A.C., Renfro N.D. (2019) Field gemology: Building a research collection and understanding the development of gem deposits. Gems & Gemology, Vol. 55, No. 4, pp. 490–511. http://dx.doi.org/10.5741/GEMS.55.4.490

In Press

Jin S., Sun Z., Palke A.C. (2022, in press) Color effects of Cu nanoparticles in Cu-bearing plagioclase feldspars. American Mineralogist. https://doi.org/10.2138/am-2022-8325 

Jollands M.C., Balan, E. (2022, in press) Beryllium incorporation in corundum. Mineralogical Magazine. https://doi.org/10.1180/mgm.2022.63

Xu H., Jin S., Lee S., Brown P.E. (2022, in press) Cation ordering, twinning and pseudo-symmetry in silicate garnet: The study of a birefringent garnet with orthorhombic structure. American Mineralogist. https://doi.org/10.2138/am-2022-8455