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Ruby

Ruby is the most valuable variety of the corundum mineral species, which also includes sapphire.

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Fine Mogok Ruby

This fine 2.58-ct. ruby is from Myanmar’s classic Mogok deposit.

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Extraordinary

Ruby’s extraordinary red color is caused by traces of chromium.

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Mixed Cut

Like many fine rubies, this example is fashioned as a mixed cut.

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Calcite Matrix

These exceptional ruby crystals on calcite are from Mogok, Myanmar.

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Origin In Marble

The snow white calcite matrix hints at the ruby crystal’s origin in marble.

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Ruby Crystal

The characteristic form of this ruby crystal allows it to be recognized.

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Tools

Research

Two people walk past a Kay Jewelers storefront.
Article
Jewelry Sales Show Modest Rise; Higher End Soars

U.S. holiday jewelry sales increased slightly from 2018. Online buying surged, while foot traffic in retail stores slowed.

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A face-up view of a cushion cut diamond with blue color.
Article
Gems & Gemology’s 7 Most Unusual Encounters from 2019

Check out some of the most interesting and unusual diamonds and colored stones submitted to GIA’s laboratories in 2019.

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Bo Welu ruby and sapphires set in rings
Mineral Inclusions in Ruby and Sapphire from the Bo Welu Gem Deposit in Chanthaburi, Thailand

Spectroscopic and chemical analyses of emeralds from this Chinese deposit show a unique composition.

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A large group of people outside on GIA’s Carlsbad, California  campus.
Article
Guardians of Trust: GIA’s Innovative Research, Instruments and Services

GIA’s services and instruments have grown in importance and impact as new gem treatments and laboratory-grown gems enter the market.

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Variety of rubies from northern Mozambique, 2009–2010
A Decade of Ruby from Mozambique: A Review

Reviews the mining history, market impact, and properties of ruby from northern Mozambique near Montepuez, now the world’s most productive source.

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The octopus head is a baroque Tahitian cultured pearl and its arms are made of black, yellow and white diamond (in a striped pattern) set in black-plated 18K gold.
Article
A Tropical Paradise of Ocean-Inspired Jewelry and Gemstones

Escape to a warm-water paradise in your mind with these jewels that formed in the sea, are inspired by marine life and evoke the ocean’s essence.

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Emerald and diamond brooch.
Article
Jewels of Hollywood: Accessories and Jewelry that Made the Stars Shine

“Jewels of Hollywood,” on loan from the Kazanjian Foundation, showcases some of the jewelry and accessories associated with Hollywood royalty.

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A ruby and diamond choker. The center section is made of six strands of red pearls, framed by rubies and diamonds.
Article
Mughal Jewels Auction: Al-Thani Collection Raises $109 Million

Collectors from around the world descended on Christies’ Maharajas & Mughal Magnificence auction of the jewels from the Al-Thani Collection on June 19.

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Looking down the crystal axis of a backlit 58.83 ct trapiche emerald
Article
Emerald: The Superstar of Trapiche Gemstones

Trapiche emeralds, which display a distinct six-spoke wheel pattern, set the standard as some of the finest and most spectacular crystals unearthed.

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A pile of near-colorless HPHT synthetic melee
Article
Diamond Market Forecast: Declining Credit, Soft Prices and Lab-Grown Diamonds

Despite the generally strong year for jewelry retail, the diamond industry continues to face problems with credit, spotty demand and soft prices.

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