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Pearl

Perfect shining spheres. Lustrous baroque forms. Seductive strands, warm to the touch. Pearls are simply and purely organic.

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Beautiful Luster

Pearl’s special luster sets it apart from other gems.

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Perfect Sphere

Perfectly spherical pearls of excellent quality are extreme rarities.

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Smooth as Silk

Few pearls are completely blemish free.

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Tools

Research

A large group of people outside on GIA’s Carlsbad, California  campus.
Article
Guardians of Trust: GIA’s Innovative Research, Instruments and Services

GIA’s services and instruments have grown in importance and impact as new gem treatments and laboratory-grown gems enter the market.

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Pinctada maxima shells
Known Non-Nacreous Non-Bead Cultured Pearls and Similar Unknown Pearls of Likely Cultured Origin from Pinctada maxima

Non-nacreous non-bead cultured pearls from the Pinctada maxima mollusk are characterized and compared with pen pearls in order to aid in origin separation.

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Natural Shell Blisters and Blister Pearls: What’s the Difference?

GIA researchers explore the differences between whole, blister, and shell blister pearls in this study using 33 samples from Pinctada maxima mollusks recovered off Broome, Australia.

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Shells from the Tridacnidae family
Evidence of Rotation in Flame-Structure Pearls from Bivalves of the Tridacnidae Family

A study of these pearls to characterize their distinctive flame structure and examine the possibility of rotation during their formation or growth.

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Two challenging pearls
A Pearl Identification Challenge

Two pearls presented a unique challenge, as testing at three different gemological laboratories could not conclusively identify them as natural or cultured, determine a freshwater or saltwater growth environment, or specify the producing mollusk.

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The octopus head is a baroque Tahitian cultured pearl and its arms are made of black, yellow and white diamond (in a striped pattern) set in black-plated 18K gold.
Article
A Tropical Paradise of Ocean-Inspired Jewelry and Gemstones

Escape to a warm-water paradise in your mind with these jewels that formed in the sea, are inspired by marine life and evoke the ocean’s essence.

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A ruby and diamond choker. The center section is made of six strands of red pearls, framed by rubies and diamonds.
Article
Mughal Jewels Auction: Al-Thani Collection Raises $109 Million

Collectors from around the world descended on Christies’ Maharajas & Mughal Magnificence auction of the jewels from the Al-Thani Collection on June 19.

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Freshwater pearl samples
Provenance Discrimination of Freshwater Pearls by LA-ICP-MS and Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA)

Investigates trace-element chemistry of freshwater natural pearls from North America and China with LA-ICP-MS and uses LDA to identify their origins.

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Detail of pendant elements heart and palmette shows twisted wire details (probably cast) and granulation soldered on.
Article
A New Life for Revival Jewelry Styles: Archaeological, Renaissance and Egyptian

Revival jewelry is inspired from the past – and wearing it connects us to the rich history of the beginning of civilization.

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Pinctada maculata pearls and mollusk shell
The Gemological Characteristics of Pipi Pearls Reportedly from Pinctada maculata

Reveals the internal features and spectroscopic data of these small natural pearls and offers the means of separating them from pearls of related mollusk species.

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