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Amber

Amber is nature’s time capsule. This fossilised tree resin contains remnants of life on earth millions of years ago.

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Insect Inclusion

This 93.87-gram piece contains a perfectly preserved cricket. It’s from GIA’s collection.

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Free Form

Amber pieces with inclusions are typically polished as free-form cabs.

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Distinctive Lustre

Amber is soft and displays resinous to vitreous polish lustre.

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Alaskan Beauty

This 8x6x4 cm chunk of Alaskan rough weighs 118.3 grams.

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Trapped in Time

This piece contains numerous insect inclusions, including a mosquito.

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Inclusions Add Value

Pieces with interesting inclusions fetch higher prices than those without.

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Tools

Research

People meet and mingle at the entrance to the JCK Show.
Article
Headwinds Slow 2019 Vegas Business, Lab-grown Diamonds Proliferate

Decent demand for finished jewellery, but less for loose gems. Plus: Lab-grown diamonds and responsible, sustainable business practices.

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An early black and white photo that shows deep trenches dug into the ground in the search for diamonds. Ladders and ropes help the miners excavate and traverse the mine.
Article
Historical Reading: The Diamond Fields of South Africa: Part 1 (1868-1893)

The discovery of diamonds in South Africa in early 1867 marked the start of an historic period of diamond exploration.

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34th International Gemmological Conference

A report from the 34th IGC, held in Vilnius, Lithuania in August 2015.

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Amber and plastic reactions to illumination.
Plastic Amber Imitation in a Rosary

Examination reveals both amber and Bakelite plastic beads in a rosary submitted for identification.

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Steam-dyed “chicken-fat yellow beeswax” amber.
Steam-Dyed Amber

Testing identifies a new treatment method as the cause of colour in beeswax amber.

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Tropidogyne flower in amber
Inclusions in Burmese Amber

Examples of Burmese amber specimens with well-preserved inclusions that have become available in recent years.

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Baltic Amber map
Article
Historical Reading: Baltic Amber

Amber has been found in various parts of the world, but the main historical source is the land that surrounds the Baltic Sea.

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Green Amber
Characterisation of “Green Amber” With Infrared and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

A peridot-like bright greenish yellow to green gem material called “green amber” has recently appeared in the gem market.

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Pyrite Inclusions
Winter 2010 Gem News International

A compilation of gem news from around the world, covering topics such as localities, unusual gem materials, market news, new products, discoveries, jewellery manufacturing techniques and industry trends.

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18K yellow gold elephant pendant/brooch
Article
Good Luck Charms

Gems and jewellery are often used as good luck charms because they can evoke power and positivity. Check out these lucky charms used around the world.

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