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Micro-Features of Ruby
Chart: Inclusions in Natural, Synthetic, and Treated Ruby

Provides a visual guide to the internal features of natural, synthetic, and treated rubies.

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Parisite inclusion in emerald.
Chart: Inclusions in Natural, Synthetic, and Treated Emerald

Provides a visual guide to the internal features of natural, synthetic, and treated emeralds.

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299.35 ct and 112.61 ct diamond rough
Letseng’s Unique Diamond Proposition

Explores the history, geology, and current production of this unique source of large diamonds.

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Play-of-color is the defining characteristic of gem opals. While play-of-color can be quite spectacular under magnification, as with the roiled green patterns seen in this crystal opal, other microscopic features are often found if one takes the time to look. Field of view 9.60 mm. Photomicrograph by Nathan Renfro
Inclusions in Natural, Treated, Synthetic, and Imitation Opal

Provides a visual guide to the internal features of natural, treated, synthetic, and imitation opal.

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Recently discovered and legendary diamonds in the blue/gray/violet color range
Natural-Color Blue, Gray, and Violet Diamonds: Allure of the Deep

Summarizes data collected on more than 15,000 natural blue/gray/violet diamonds examined by GIA during the last decade and examines the mechanisms that produce this color range.

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Experimental steps of DNA extraction and purification.
DNA Techniques Applied to the Identification of Pinctada Fucata Pearls from Uwajima, Ehime Prefecture, Japan

Shows how genetic material extracted from small amounts of pearl powder can be a useful indicator of this akoya cultured pearl species.

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Fluorescence image of Aurora Butterfly of Peace
An Introduction to Photoluminescence Spectroscopy for Diamond and Its Applications in Gemology

Presents the underlying physics and methodology of this analytical technique, which has become an essential tool in identifying treated and synthetic diamonds.

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G&G Winter 2018 Cover
Natural-Color Pink, Purple, Red, and Brown Diamonds: Band of Many Colors

Summarizes data collected by GIA on more than 90,000 natural diamonds in this color range and presents their gemological and spectroscopic properties.

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Major colors of HPHT synthetic diamonds
Observations on HPHT-Grown Synthetic Diamonds: A Review

Summarizes statistical data and distinctive features of several thousand gem-quality HPHT synthetic diamonds examined by GIA from 2007 through 2016.

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Jadeite boulder from Itoigawa, Japan
Japanese Jadeite: History, Characteristics, and Comparison with Other Sources

Examines the sources, color, texture, and chemical composition of jadeite from Japanese deposits.

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