Often thought of as a deep red gemstone, garnet can also be yellow, orange, green or brown – any color except blue. There are six common garnet minerals – almandine, andradite, grossular, pyrope, spessartine and uvarovite – and several rare species. Gem varieties include green demantoid and tsavorite, orangy red hessonite and pink/red rhodolite. Besides brilliance and attractive colors, garnets sometimes exhibit optical phenomena such as asterism (a star-shaped pattern of reflections), chatoyancy (a “cat’s-eye” seen in reflected light), or a color change when viewed under different types of lighting.
GIA Gem Project
GIA has studied more than 400 important gemstones in the Edward J. Gübelin Gem Collection and is committed to sharing this repository of gemological information.Go to Index