Gems & Gemology, Summer 2017, Vol. 53, No. 2

Sapphire Chart Article: Suggested Reading on Sapphires and Their Inclusions

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Emmett J., Scarratt K., McClure S.F., Moses T., Douthit T.R., Hughes R., Novak S., Shigley J.E., Wang W., Bordelon O., Kane R.E. (2003) Beryllium diffusion of ruby and sapphire. G&G, Vol. 39, No. 2, pp. 84–135,

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Epstein D.S., Brennan W., Mendes J.C. (1994) The Indaia sapphire deposits of Minas Gerais, Brazil. G&G, Vol. 30, No. 1, pp. 24–32,

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Holmes R.J. (1947) The new Linde Stars: Man–made star rubies and star sapphires. G&G, Vol. 5, No. 11, pp. 452–456 and 478–479.

Johnson M.L., Mercer M.E., Fritsch E., Maddison P., Shigley J.E. (1995) Ti–sapphire: Czochralski–pulled synthetic pink sapphire from Union Carbide. G&G, Vol. 31, No. 3, pp. 188–195,

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Kane R.E., Kammerling R.C. (1992) Status of ruby and sapphire mining in the Mogok Stone Tract. G&G, Vol. 28, No. 3, pp. 152–174,

Kane R.E., Kammerling R.C., Koivula J.I., Shigley J.E., Fritsch E. (1990) The identification of blue diffusion–treated sapphires. G&G, Vol. 26, No. 2, pp. 115–133,

Kane R.E., McClure S.F., Kammerling R.C., Khoa N.D., Mora C., Repetto S., Khai N.D., Koivula J.I. (1991) Rubies and fancy sapphires from Vietnam. G&G, Vol. 27, No. 3, pp. 136–155,

Kan–Nyunt H.P., Karampelas S., Link K., Thu K., Kiefert L., Hardy P. (2013) Blue sapphires from the Baw Mar Mine in Mogok. G&G, Vol. 49, No. 4, pp. 223–232,

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Koivula J.I. (1986) Carbon dioxide fluid inclusions as proof of natural–colored corundum. G&G, Vol. 22, No. 3, pp. 152–155,

Krzemnicki M.S., Hänni H.A., Walters R.A. (2004) A new method for detecting Be diffusion–treated sapphires: Laser–induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS). G&G, Vol. 40, No. 4, pp. 314–322,

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Pham V.L., Pardieu V., Giuliani G. (2013) Update on gemstone mining in Luc Yen, Vietnam. G&G, Vol. 49, No. 4, pp. 233–245,

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Schwarz D., Pardieu V., Saul J.M., Schmetzer K., Laurs B.M., Giuliani G., Klemm L., Malsy A.K., Erel E., Hauzenberger C., Du Toit G., Fallick A.E., Ohnenstetter D. (2008) Rubies and sapphires from Winza, central Tanzania. G&G, Vol. 44, No. 4, pp. 322–347,

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Smith C.P., Kammerling R.C., Keller A.S., Peretti A., Scarratt K.V., Khoa N.D., Repetto S. (1995) Sapphires from Southern Vietnam. G&G, Vol. 31, No. 3, pp. 168–186,

Sorokina E.S., Litvinenko A.K., Hofmeister W., Hager T., Jacob D.E., Nasriddinov Z.Z. (2015) Rubies and sapphires from Snezhnoe, Tajikistan. G&G, Vol. 51, No. 2, pp. 160–175,

Stratton V. (1951) Australian sapphire fields not fully exploited. G&G, Vol. 7, No. 4, pp. 125–138.

Wang F.Q. (1988) The sapphires of Penglai, Hainan Island, China. G&G, Vol. 24, No. 3, pp. 155–160.

Wang W., Scarratt K., Emmett J.L., Breeding C.M., Douthit T.R. (2006) The effects of heat treatment on zircon inclusions in Madagascar sapphires. G&G, Vol. 42, No. 2, pp. 134–150,

Webster R. (1961) Corundum in Tanganyika. G&G, Vol. 10, No. 7, pp. 202–205.

Zwaan J.C., Buter E., Mertz–Kraus R., Kane R.E. (2015) Alluvial sapphires from Montana: Inclusions, geochemistry and indications of a metasomatic origin. G&G, Vol. 51, No. 4, pp. 370–391,

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