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Nanocut Plasmaetched Diamonds
Cutting Diffraction Gratings to Improve Dispersion (“Fire”) in Diamonds

A new microlithography process developed to create high-resolution diffraction grating patterns on portions of certain facets can improve the dispersion of light and thus the amount of “fire” in a diamond.

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Digital Photomicrography for Gemologists

A guide to capturing gem inclusion scenes using practical equipment and techniques and the appropriate image-refining software.

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Color bars on top and sides of 3,019 ct rough opal
The Challenges of Cutting a Large Gem Opal Rough

A first-person account of cutting a 3,019 ct piece of white opal to create a 1,040 ct gem with play-of-color across the surface.

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Article
6 Tips for the Best Gem Photos

Renowned gem photographer Robert Weldon offers his tips for capturing the best gem photographs.

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Fluorescence image of Aurora Butterfly of Peace
An Introduction to Photoluminescence Spectroscopy for Diamond and Its Applications in Gemology

Presents the underlying physics and methodology of this analytical technique, which has become an essential tool in identifying treated and synthetic diamonds.

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Emerald rough
Article
Jaipur, India: The Emerald Cutting and Trading Powerhouse

Jaipur, India, is a leading emerald cutting and trading center for the global gem and jewelry industry. See inside the industry with a GIA field team, and learn the intricacies of a business seldom seen by the public or most members of the industry.

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Worker attaching wax forms
Article
Shenzhen: The Frontier of China’s Gem and Jewelry Industry

All jewelry professionals are familiar with the city of Shenzhen, a global jewelry manufacturing center and a leader of China’s fast-growing gem and jewelry industry. Join the GIA team as we tour the city and discover more about its leading jewelry brands.

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Computer Rendering of the “French Blue” Diamond
The French Blue and the Hope: New Data from the Discovery of a Historical Lead Cast

With the use of modern tools and technology, this article sheds light on the history and provenance of both the French Blue and the Hope diamonds.

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Chinese carving
Origin Determination of Dolomite-Related White Nephrite through Iterative-Binary Linear Discriminant Analysis

A technique for origin identification based on statistical analysis and LA-ICP-MS spectrometry.

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Observations on GE-Processed Diamonds: A Photographic Record

Observations made at GIA on 858 GE-processed diamonds revealed several interesting features that may be diagnostic of this kind of diamond. Specifically, a significant percentage exhibited a slightly hazy appearance, noticeable internal graining, and other unusual internal features.

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