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GIA Gem Project
Beryl

Chemically pure beryl is colorless, but trace elements give rise to green, blue and pink/red colors.

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Article
GIA Gem Project
Corundum

Ruby and sapphire (usually blue, but also in every other color) have been the most important colored gemstones for several thousand years. Originating historically in southeast and central Asia, and more recently in eastern Africa, these colored varieties of the mineral corundum have been much sought as gems because of their rarity, color and durability. Gem corundum can display asterism and chatoyancy due to the presence of oriented mineral inclusions, and in some cases, a change of color when viewed under different light sources.

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Article
GIA Gem Project
Corundum

Ruby and sapphire (usually blue, but also in every other color) have been the most important colored gemstones for several thousand years. Originating historically in southeast and central Asia, and more recently in eastern Africa, these colored varieties of the mineral corundum have been much sought as gems because of their rarity, color and durability. Gem corundum can display asterism and chatoyancy due to the presence of oriented mineral inclusions, and in some cases, a change of color when viewed under different light sources.

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Multi-colored gems are superimposed on an image of glacier peaks.
Article
Gems and Minerals from the Subarctic

Circumnavigate the boreal reaches of the globe to explore gems from polar regions.

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8.5 ct Aquamarine Cabochon
Aquamarine from the Masino-Bregaglia Massif, Central Alps, Italy

Aquamarine from granitic pegmatites of the Masino-Bregaglia Massif, Central Alps, Italy.

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Filled Aquamarine Jewelry
Polymer-Filled Aquamarine

The authors have encountered hundreds of polymer-filled aquamarines in the Chinese jewelry market.

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Abstracts; Spring 1991

This article, from the Spring 1991 issue of Gems & Gemology, is a compilation of abstracts of important gemology-related articles published outside of Gems & Gemology.

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