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Interference figures in faceted alexandrite
Pleochroism and Color Change in Faceted Alexandrite: Influence of Cut and Sample Orientation

Shows how alexandrite’s color and color change are affected by cut and the orientation of table facets.

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Assortment of Linde synthetic star rubies and sapphires
Dual-Color Double Stars in Ruby, Sapphire, and Quartz: Cause and Historical Account

Examines a form of asterism comprising two six-rayed stars, one white and one that exhibits the stone’s bodycolor. Firsthand accounts and a survey of patent documents reveal that diffusion has been used to create or enhance this optical phenomenon in synthetic and possibly natural corundum since the 1950s.

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Natural-Color Pink, Purple, Red, and Brown Diamonds: Band of Many Colors

Summarizes data collected by GIA on more than 90,000 natural diamonds in this color range and presents their gemological and spectroscopic properties.

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Color-change diaspore
The Color Origin of Gem Diaspore: Correlation to Corundum

Examines the color origin of color-change diaspore, known commercially as Zultanite, and compare the effectiveness of the chromophores it shares in common with corundum.

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Iridescence in iris quartz from Jalgaon, India
Causes of Iridescence in Natural Quartz

Describes the occurrence of iridescence, and the role of differential etching, in quartz crystals from India’s Jalgaon District.

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Faceted blue zircons
Reversible Color Modification of Blue Zircon by Long-Wave Ultraviolet Radiation

Determines whether blue zircon, inadvertently altered to brown by exposure to long-wave UV radiation, can be restored to its original color through the use of incandescent light.

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chrysoberyl samples
Chrysoberyl from the New England Placer Deposits, New South Wales, Australia

Examines a collection of chrysoberyl samples from these sapphire placer deposits to determine their distinct mineralogical and chemical properties.

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Color zoning in amethyst from Boudi, Morocco
Amethyst from Boudi, Morocco

An introduction to Moroccan amethyst, which features distinctive color zoning and inclusions.

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15 ct tanzanite
Pleochroism in Faceted Gems: An Introduction

Describes the phenomenon of pleochroism and its complex effect on the appearance of colored stones.

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Optical Defects in Diamond: A Quick Reference Chart

A simple chart on optical defects in diamond, including those that produce coloration and fluorescence colors.

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