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Pearl farm on the Indonesian island of Lombok
Bead-Cultured and Non-Bead-Cultured Pearls from Lombok, Indonesia

Documents the retrieval and testing of P. maxima cultured pearls from a Lombok hatchery.

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The Wittelsbach Blue

This article describes what is known about the Wittelsbach Blue since it was first reported in 1666, and the gemological information released to date on this diamond.

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Nanocut Plasmaetched Diamonds
Cutting Diffraction Gratings to Improve Dispersion (“Fire”) in Diamonds

A new microlithography process developed to create high-resolution diffraction grating patterns on portions of certain facets can improve the dispersion of light and thus the amount of “fire” in a diamond.

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Color bars on top and sides of 3,019 ct rough opal
The Challenges of Cutting a Large Gem Opal Rough

A first-person account of cutting a 3,019 ct piece of white opal to create a 1,040 ct gem with play-of-color across the surface.

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A wide range of jewelry pieces with the round brilliant diamond cut
A Foundation for Grading the Overall Cut Quality of Round Brilliant Cut Diamonds

The GIA diamond cut grading system described here includes the components of brightness, fire, scintillation, polish, and symmetry, as well as weight and durability concerns, into a single overall grade for cut quality for standard round brilliants.

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imperial flame topaz
Article
Cutting the ‘Imperial Flame’ Topaz

See how gem artist Alexander Kreis transforms a rough topaz crystal into a gem cutting masterpiece.

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Couple Engagement Ring Shopping
Article
How to Purchase the Perfect Diamond Engagement Ring

Follow these tips to pick out the perfect engagement ring for the love of your life.

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Article
Diamond Cut: Anatomy of a Round Brilliant

Jewelers and gemologists use a specific set of terms to describe parts of a polished diamond. Certain measurements of the shape or proportions ultimately have an affect on the round brilliant diamond’s cut grade.

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Indian necklace
Article
Jewelers to the Maharajas of Jaipur and Modern-Day Moguls

Enter a world not well-known in the West—the world of the maharajas and their jewelry, coveted by the modern-day moguls of business, entertainment, and royalty. See the fantastic works of art made today in the form of enameled Kundan meena jewelry and the regal look of polki diamonds.

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Emerald rough
Article
Jaipur, India: The Emerald Cutting and Trading Powerhouse

Jaipur, India, is a leading emerald cutting and trading center for the global gem and jewelry industry. See inside the industry with a GIA field team, and learn the intricacies of a business seldom seen by the public or most members of the industry.

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