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Horn shaped jewel pendant featuring emeralds, rubies, diamonds and pearls, and shows engravings in Arabic.
Article
Centuries of Opulence: Jewels of India

Learn about the journey of gemstones used to create the fabulous Indian jewelry featured in this special exhibit at GIA in Carlsbad.

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Colombian independent miners
Colombian Emerald Industry: Winds of Change

A firsthand look at Colombia’s emerald mines and the cutting and trading industry in Bogotá.

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Husband and wife gaze happily at emerald rough found in a Colombian mine.
Article
Colombian Emerald Industry: Winds of Change

Andy Lucas, GIA’s education manager of field gemology, researches and documents the mine to market journey of gemstones. Lucas shares the changes he observed in Colombia’s major emerald mining and cutting areas in a presentation he made at the 2017 JCK Las Vegas show.

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 Large open mussel shell with pink interior
Article
Freshwater Pearling in Tennessee

Natural pearl identification is one of the critical problems in pearl research. The DNA study of pearly mollusks and oysters facilitates solving this problem. To fulfill this goal, GIA sent a group from both research and education to Tennessee to sample the freshwater mollusks for DNA bar coding. Come with us to Camden, Tennessee, to see how we dive for pearly shells.

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Pearls, shells, and jewelry on table
Article
The Lure of American Freshwater Pearls: Revisiting the Latendresse Family

John Latendresse is known as the father of American cultured pearls. He was also a great natural pearl collector and left his family a remarkable natural pearl collection. The Latendresse family is well recognized in the American pearl industry and has long supported GIA pearl research. Come with us to revisit this family and their pearl collection.

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Brazilian Diamonds: A Historical and Recent Perspective

Recounts the history, geology, and notable localities of diamond mining in Brazil, and outlines plans for future diamond production.

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Seeking the Legacy of Australian Sapphire
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Seeking the Legacy of Australian Sapphire

Australia has been a prolific supplier of blue sapphire and has made enormous contributions to the global sapphire industry that still shape it today.

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Article
Paspaley: Inside an Exclusive South Sea Pearl Auction

Fine-quality South Sea cultured pearls can be seen in the world’s fashion capitals, but they all start their journey to market at the auction. GIA offers a rare look inside one of the biggest.

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Handful of opal
Article
Lightning Ridge: The World Capital of Fine Black Opal

Lightning Ridge is the world capital of fine black opals, the most desired of all opals. In June 2015 a group of GIA field gemologists visited this legendary town in New South Wales, Australia. Come with us to explore this important source of fine opals.

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 Hand holding tube-shaped boulder opal
Article
Queensland Opal Fields: Home of the Unique Australian Boulder Opal

Boulder opal is becoming more and more popular. Australia’s central Queensland is the home of more than a dozen of sources of this stone. Come with GIA field gemologists to find out more about this unique gem.

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