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Paula Crevoshay’s “Yogo Columbine” sapphire pendant
The Role of Silicon in the Color of Gem Corundum

Considers the previously unreported but critical impact of silicon on the coloration of gem-quality sapphire.

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Fluorescence image of Aurora Butterfly of Peace
An Introduction to Photoluminescence Spectroscopy for Diamond and Its Applications in Gemology

Presents the underlying physics and methodology of this analytical technique, which has become an essential tool in identifying treated and synthetic diamonds.

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Digital Photomicrography for Gemologists

A guide to capturing gem inclusion scenes using practical equipment and techniques and the appropriate image-refining software.

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Accurate Reporting of Key Trace Elements in Ruby and Sapphire Using Matrix-Matched Standards

Presents a group of corundum standards developed by GIA to improve the accuracy and efficiency of its laser ablation–inductively coupled plasma–mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) instruments.

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Fluorescence Produced by Optical Defects in Diamond: Measurement, Characterization, and Challenges

How variations in UV lamp output can affect observed fluorescence color and intensity.

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Three cultured pearls, one natural
Real-Time Microradiography of Pearls: A Comparison Between Detectors

Compares the image quality provided by real-time microradiographic imaging (RTX) units fitted with two different detectors: an image intensifier (II) and a flat panel detector (FPD).

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Five-strand Natural Pearl Necklace
X-ray Computed Microtomography: Distinguishing Natural Pearls from Beaded and Non-Beaded Cultured Pearls

The distinction of natural from cultured pearls traditionally has been based on X-radiography.

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Emerald crystals from Colombia, Afghanistan, and Zambia
Photoluminescence Spectra of Emeralds from Colombia, Afghanistan, and Zambia

Compares PL spectroscopy data of 48 emerald samples from three countries to evaluate the usefulness of the technique in geographic origin determination.

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Sapphire Chart Article: Suggested Reading on Sapphires and Their Inclusions

Suggested Reading on Sapphires and their Inclusions

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Evan Smith studies images of diamond inclusions on a computer.
Article
Postdoctoral Program Gives Scientists Access to Rare Research Opportunities

GIA’s postdoctoral program gives researchers access to gemological data, equipment and rare, unusual and large gems in its laboratories.

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