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Poised between lush blue, vibrant violet and rich purple, exotic tanzanite is found in only one place on earth, near majestic Mount Kilimanjaro.

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Unique Hues

Unique violet-to-blue hues

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Pure Blue

Tanzanite’s most-prized colour is a pure blue similar to fine sapphire.

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Tanzanite's colour blends blue hue and violet pleochroic hues.

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Tanzanian Beauty

This beautiful Merelani tanzanite crystal measures 4 x 2.9 cm.

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Pleochroic Colours

This crystal shows strong blue and brownish green pleochroic colours.

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This crystal shows traces of the rock where it grew on its base.

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About Tanzanite

Tanzanite’s range of colour

Found in just one place on earth, tanzanite is a relatively recent discovery. Tiffany & Co named this blue-violet variety of zoisite in honour of Tanzania, where it was first unearthed in 1967. Because the crystals show different colours depending on the viewing direction, cutters can fashion gems with a range of colour from violetish blue to bluish violet depending on how much weight they want to retain from the rough.

Tanzanite Description

Tanzanite History and Lore

Tanzanite Journey

Birthstones & Anniversaries

Tanzanite is a birthstone for December, along with zircon, turquoise and blue topaz. Tanzanite is also the gem for a 24th anniversary.


Tanzanite has only one source: the hills of Merelani in northern Tanzania.


Masai tribesman Ali Juuyawatu is credited with finding the first tanzanite crystal.


Tilt tanzanite and you’ll see three distinct colours in three crystal directions.


  • Mineral: Zoisite


There are a number of processes used to alter the colour or apparent clarity, or to improve the durability of gems.

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Some gemstones have synthetic counterparts that have essentially the same chemical, physical and optical properties, but are grown by man in a laboratory.

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Any gem can be imitated – sometimes by man-made materials or by natural materials chosen by man to impersonate a particular gem.

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gem love

Why We Love This Gemstone


Tanzanite is pleochroic, showing three different colours when viewed from different directions.

One Place on Earth

Commercially mined in only one place, tanzanite is rarer than diamond.

Rich Blue

Tanzanite's rich blue-to-violet hues can be exceptionally beautiful.

Quality factors

Assessment of the following characteristics determines tanzanite’s value.


quality factors

Deeply saturated violet blue or blue violet are the most valuable tanzanite colours. Paler hues are more commonly found.


quality factors

Eye-visible inclusions decrease the value of tanzanite, particularly in lighter coloured stones.


quality factors

Tanzanite is available in a wide range of shapes but cushion and oval cuts are most common.

Carat Weight

quality factors

Tanzanite colour is less saturated in smaller sizes. Gems must be above five carats in size to have fine colour.

Tanzanite Quality Factors: The Comprehensive Guide


Explore sources, gemmological research and the role of gems in history.

Natural-Colour Tanzanite and Yellow Sapphire – Tucson 2014

Duncan Pay , Apr 30, 2014 Read more in English

Titanium-Coated Tanzanite

Amy Cooper and Nathan Renfro , Apr 30, 2014 Read more in English
Merelaniite whisker inclusions in tanzanite.

Merelaniite Inclusions in Tanzanite

Augusto Castillo, Tyler Smith, and John A. Jaszczak , Aug 9, 2018 Read more in English

Iridescent Inclusion in Tanzanite

Danny Sanchez , Nov 7, 2016 Read more in English