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A group of rough sapphires encircle cut sapphires.
Article
Montana Yogo Sapphires’ Unique Gemmology

A look at the mining and distinguishing characteristics of this naturally vibrant blue sapphire.

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Accurate Reporting of Key Trace Elements in Ruby and Sapphire Using Matrix-Matched Standards

Presents a group of corundum standards developed by GIA to improve the accuracy and efficiency of its laser ablation–inductively coupled plasma–mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) instruments.

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Worker attaching wax forms
Article
Shenzhen: The Frontier of China’s Gem and Jewellery Industry

All jewellery professionals are familiar with the city of Shenzhen, a global jewellery manufacturing centre and a leader of China’s fast-growing gem and jewellery industry. Join the GIA team as we tour the city and discover more about its leading jewellery brands.

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Article
Photography Tips: A Gem’s Best Face Forward

Everyone would agree that exposure and focus are the most critical aspects to consider when photographing gems or jewellery. But there are two other practices that take this kind of photography even further: lighting and positioning of the gem or jewel. The first component ensures a successful photograph. The second makes a picture interesting – or even compelling.

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Study sample emeralds
A Preliminary Study on the Separation of Natural and Synthetic Emeralds Using Vibrational Spectroscopy

Reports preliminary findings—based on FTIR and Raman spectrometry of more than 300 samples—on distinguishing natural and synthetic emeralds using vibrational spectroscopy.

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Article
Insights From Inclusions

Natural gemstones are typically far more valuable than synthetic ones, so being able to identify them correctly is a powerful skill.

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Article
Decades-Old Synthetic Alexandrite Sheds Light on Modern-Day Research Needs

An overview and commentary on the 2012 Journal of Gemmology article, “Flux-grown synthetic alexandrites from Creative Crystals Inc.”

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Article
Sapphire Series Part 3: Modern Synthetic Sapphire Applications

The third in the series, "Sapphire: A Crystal With Many Facets," this article looks at various emerging applications for synthetic sapphire.

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Article
Sapphire Series Part 2: The Next Generation of Sapphire Crystal Growth Techniques

The second in the series, "Sapphire: A Crystal With Many Facets," this article looks at several advanced growth techniques.

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A New Method for Detecting Be Diffusion-Treated Sapphires: Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS)

This article describes the first application of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) to gemmology.

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