Saltwater Pearls from the Pre- to Early Columbian Era: A Gemmological and Radiocarbon Dating Study
Examines 85 saltwater natural pearls, reportedly harvested from the Caribbean islands off the coast of Venezuela during the early 16th century, to determine their age.
Synthetic Star Sapphires and Rubies Produced by Wiede’s Carbidwerk, Freyung, Germany
Details the process used by Wiede’s Carbidwerk to produce star synthetic corundum from the mid-1950s until the 1970s.
Characteristics of Gem-Quality By-Product Synthetic Zincite
Investigates the properties of synthetic zincite produced by industrial kilns in Poland.
CVD Synthetic Diamonds from Gemesis Corp
An examination of the gemmological and spectroscopic properties of CVD synthetic diamonds from Gemesis Corp.
Recent Advances in CVD Synthetic Diamond Quality
A survey of recent advances in CVD synthetic diamond quality.
Strongly Coloured Pink CVD Lab-Grown Diamonds
Pink CVD lab-grown products can be separated from natural and treated-colour natural pink diamonds by a combination of gemmological and spectroscopic properties, which are explored in this study.
Latest-Generation CVD-Grown Synthetic Diamonds from Apollo Diamond Inc.
High-quality CVD-grown diamonds, comparable in colour and clarity to natural diamonds, can be identified using a combination of gemmological and spectroscopic properties.
The 3543 CM-1 Infrared Absorption Band in Natural and Synthetic Amethyst and its Value in Identification
The proper use and limitations of IR spectroscopy for identifying natural versus synthetic amethyst of various types have been investigated, focusing on the region 3800–3000 cm-1.
Lab-Grown Coloured Diamonds from Chatham Created Gems
This article compares some of Chatham Created Gems’ synthetic coloured diamonds to natural diamonds and explains the results.
Identification of Synthetic Diamond Grown Using Chemical Vapour Deposition (CVD)
This article presents information about the CVD process, the history of its development, and properties that differentiate the resulting synthetic crystals from natural diamond.