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Pearl farm on the Indonesian island of Lombok
Bead-Cultured and Non-Bead-Cultured Pearls from Lombok, Indonesia

Documents the retrieval and testing of P. maxima cultured pearls from a Lombok hatchery.

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Three pieces of labradorite with yellow, blue and green flashes of color.
Article
Optical Effects of Phenomenal Cabochons

Learn how the structure, inclusions and properties of some gemstones interact with light to create unusual visual effects.

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Three round brilliant diamonds in a row
Article
GIA Researchers Evaluate ‘Light Performance’ and Diamond Cut

The phrase “light performance” gets a lot of loose use in the diamond trade, but what does it mean when someone is actually looking at a diamond?

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A face-up view of a cushion cut diamond with blue color.
Article
Gems & Gemology’s 7 Most Unusual Encounters from 2019

Check out some of the most interesting and unusual diamonds and coloured stones submitted to GIA’s laboratories in 2019.

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An oval shaped 33.40 ct white Australian opal and diamond pendant/brooch set in platinum.
Article
The Enigmatic Gemstone: Opal’s Playful Dance with Light

Opal’s play-of-colour is a lyrical dance: sometimes a grand jeté of bold, broad flashes of colour or smaller, quicksteps of pinpoint flashes.

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A heart-shaped piece of pink drusy hangs from a gold chain.
Article
Dreamy Drusy: Minute Crystals Shimmer in Dramatic Designs

Drusy jewellery has surged in popularity in recent years. Celebrities wear it on the red carpet and designers clamour for it at gem shows.

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Article
Diamond Cut: The Wow Factor

Learn the basics of the GIA Cut Grading System for round brilliant cut diamonds to help pick out your perfect diamond.

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A blue synthetic star sapphire from past production of Wiede’s Carbidwerk
Synthetic Star Sapphires and Rubies Produced by Wiede’s Carbidwerk, Freyung, Germany

Details the process used by Wiede’s Carbidwerk to produce star synthetic corundum from the mid-1950s until the 1970s.

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Iridescence in iris quartz from Jalgaon, India
Causes of Iridescence in Natural Quartz

Describes the occurrence of iridescence, and the role of differential etching, in quartz crystals from India’s Jalgaon District.

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Duncan Pay
Trapiche and More...

Colombia’s unique trapiche emeralds exert a fascination for many gemmologists.

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