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Optical defects in diamond: a quick reference chart

A simple chart of optical defects in diamond, including those that produce colouration and fluorescence colours.

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Fluorescence produced by optical defects in diamond: measurement, characterisation and challenges

How variations in UV lamp output can affect observed fluorescence colour and intensity.

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Hydrogen-rich Diamonds
Grey-To-Blue-To-Violet Hydrogen-Rich Diamonds from the Argyle Mine, Australia

The Argyle diamond mine is the only known source of type IaB hydrogen- and nitrogen-rich diamonds coloured grey to blue to violet.

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Coloured Diamonds in the Aurora Butterfly of Peace Collection
The “Type” Classification System of Diamonds and Its Importance in Gemmology

Knowledge of type allows gemmologists to better evaluate if a diamond might be treated or synthetic, and whether it should be sent to a laboratory for testing.

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Treated-Colour Pink-To-Red Diamonds from Lucent Diamonds Inc.

Using a multi-step process, Lucent Diamonds has developed a new treatment process for certain natural diamonds that creates colours from pink-purple to red to orangey brown.

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Treated Green Diamonds
Detection of Treatment in Two Unusual Green Diamonds

A pair of sharp absorption bands in the near-infrared region, referred to as H1b and H1c, have been detected in one (and the H1b band in the other) of two green diamonds known to have been treated.

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0.76 ct HPHT-treated Diamond
“Fluorescence Cage”: Visual Identification of HPHT-Treated Type I Diamonds

HPHT-treated type I diamonds of various colours may exhibit unusually intense fluorescence at the facet edges and junctions.

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Lab-Grown Coloured Diamonds from Chatham Created Gems

This article compares some of Chatham Created Gems’ synthetic coloured diamonds to natural diamonds and explains the results.

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