Emeralds of the Panjshir Valley, Afghanistan
With the withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan, villagers in the Panjshir Valley are turning their attention to the emerald riches of the nearby Hindu Kush Mountains.
Gemstones of Pakistan: Emerald, Ruby and Spinel
This article reports on three gem materials currently being mined in Pakistan.
Abstracts; Summer 2009
This article, from the Summer 2009 issue of Gems & Gemmology, is a compilation of abstracts of important gemmology-related articles published outside of Gems & Gemmology.