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An early black and white photo that shows deep trenches dug into the ground in the search for diamonds. Ladders and ropes help the miners excavate and traverse the mine.
Article
Historical Reading: The Diamond Fields of South Africa: Part 1 (1868-1893)

The discovery of diamonds in South Africa in early 1867 marked the start of an historic period of diamond exploration.

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Man in a hard hat sits in an underground emerald mine.
Article
Geologist’s Newest Mission: Share the Love of Coloured Gemstones

African-born coloured stone specialist visits America and changes his life forever; finding love, earning his GG and starting a new career.

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Suite containing over 36 carats of Yogo sapphire
Gemmological Characterisation of Sapphires from Yogo Gulch, Montana

A look at the mining and distinguishing characteristics of this naturally vibrant blue sapphire.

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Horn shaped jewel pendant featuring emeralds, rubies, diamonds and pearls, and shows engravings in Arabic.
Article
Centuries of Opulence: Jewels of India

Learn about the journey of gemstones used to create the fabulous Indian jewellery featured in this special exhibition at GIA in Carlsbad.

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Timeline showing the use of garnets in different eras from 300 BCE to 700 CE
An Early Byzantine Engraved Almandine from the Garibpet Deposit, Telangana State, India: Evidence for Garnet Trade Along the Ancient Maritime Silk Road

Analyses the chemical composition and inclusion characteristics of this ancient artefact.

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Bracelet containing akoya cultured pearls from Australia
Akoya Cultured Pearl Farming in Eastern Australia

Characterises the akoya cultured pearls produced on the eastern shoreline of Australia using native Pinctada imbricata fucata molluscs.

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Colombian independent miners
Colombian Emerald Industry: Winds of Change

A first-hand look at Colombia’s emerald mines and the cutting and trading industry in Bogotá.

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Ruby-bearing gravel bed in Mugloto.
Update on Gemstone Mining in Northern Mozambique

Recounts an expedition to Mozambique’s important deposits of ruby, spinel and tourmaline, which have yet to be fully explored.

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Jadeite boulder from Itoigawa, Japan
Japanese Jadeite: History, Characteristics and Comparison with Other Sources

Examines the sources, colour, texture and chemical composition of jadeite from Japanese deposits.

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Duncan Pay
Trapiche and More...

Colombia’s unique trapiche emeralds exert a fascination for many gemmologists.

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