Black Diamonds from Marange (Zimbabwe): A Result of Natural Irradiation and Graphite Inclusions
Characterises a suite of 40 natural brown to black diamonds from this deposit so that they can be distinguished from suspected treated black diamonds.
Gemmological Characterisation of Sapphires from Yogo Gulch, Montana
A look at the mining and distinguishing characteristics of this naturally vibrant blue sapphire.
Inclusions in Natural, Synthetic and Treated Ruby
Provides a visual guide to the internal features of natural, synthetic and treated rubies.
Saltwater Pearls from the Pre- to Early Columbian Era: A Gemmological and Radiocarbon Dating Study
Examines 85 saltwater natural pearls, reportedly harvested from the Caribbean islands off the coast of Venezuela during the early 16th century, to determine their age.
The Very Deep Origin of the World’s Biggest Diamonds
Explores an exceptional family of diamonds, referred to as “CLIPPIR” (Cullinan-like, Large, Inclusion-Poor, Pure, Irregular and Resorbed), that formed in a super-deep environment.
Synthetic Star Sapphires and Rubies Produced by Wiede’s Carbidwerk, Freyung, Germany
Details the process used by Wiede’s Carbidwerk to produce star synthetic corundum from the mid-1950s until the 1970s.
Characteristics of Gem-Quality By-Product Synthetic Zincite
Investigates the properties of synthetic zincite produced by industrial kilns in Poland.
A New Deposit of Gem-Quality Grandidierite in Madagascar
Reviews the properties of exceptionally pure grandidierite from a new source.
Amethyst from Boudi, Morocco
An introduction to Moroccan amethyst, which features distinctive color zoning and inclusions.
Three-Phase Inclusions in Emerald and Their Impact on Origin Determination
Discusses the role of three-phase inclusions in emerald, in combination with spectroscopy and trace-element analysis, in determining geographic origin.