Beryllium Diffusion of Ruby and Sapphire
The heat treatment of corundum involving lattice diffusion of beryllium (Be) at temperatures over 1800°C has become a major issue in the gem trade.
Abstracts; Summer 2009
This article, from the Summer 2009 issue of Gems & Gemmology, is a compilation of abstracts of important gemmology-related articles published outside of Gems & Gemmology.
Ruby and Sapphire from Jegdalek, Afghanistan
This study provides detailed mining and gemmological information on the Jegdalek deposit, in east-central Afghanistan, which is hosted by elongate beds of corundum-bearing marble.
Status of Ruby and Sapphire Mining in the Mogok Stone Tract
This article, based on two recent visits to Mogok, briefly reviews the mining history and geology of this extraordinary locality, and describes the current status of mining and the methods used to recover rubies and sapphires in the Mogok area.
Rubies and Fancy Sapphires from Vietnam
Gem-quality rubies and pink to purple sapphires are being recovered from the Luc Yen and Quy Chau mining regions of Vietnam.
A Survey of the Gemstone Resources of China
China has identified many deposits with significant potential to produce gemstones; various species are discussed.
Some Diagnostic Features of Russian Hydrothermal Synthetic Rubies and Sapphires
Most Russian hydrothermal synthetic rubies and pink, orange, green, blue and violet sapphires—coloured by chromium and/or nickel—reveal diagnostic zigzag or mosaic-like growth structures associated with colour zoning.
A Preliminary Report on the New Lechleitner Synthetic Ruby and Synthetic Blue Sapphire
A new synthetic ruby and synthetic blue sapphire have been synthesised by Johann Lechleitner of Innsbruck, Austria.
Carbon Dioxide Fluid Inclusions as Proof of Natural-Coloured Corundum
An important clue in identifying natural-coloured corundum is the presence of carbon dioxide fluid inclusions.
Ruby crystals from Southeast Asia with a fixed six-rayed star, similar in effect to trapiche emeralds from Colombia, are described.