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Beryllium Diffusion of Ruby and Sapphire

The heat treatment of corundum involving lattice diffusion of beryllium (Be) at temperatures over 1800°C has become a major issue in the gem trade.

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Abstract Header from the 2009 issue of Gems & Gemology
Abstracts; Summer 2009

This article, from the Summer 2009 issue of Gems & Gemmology, is a compilation of abstracts of important gemmology-related articles published outside of Gems & Gemmology.

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Ruby and Sapphire from Jegdalek, Afghanistan
Ruby and Sapphire from Jegdalek, Afghanistan

This study provides detailed mining and gemmological information on the Jegdalek deposit, in east-central Afghanistan, which is hosted by elongate beds of corundum-bearing marble.

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Status of Ruby and Sapphire Mining in the Mogok Stone Tract

This article, based on two recent visits to Mogok, briefly reviews the mining history and geology of this extraordinary locality, and describes the current status of mining and the methods used to recover rubies and sapphires in the Mogok area.

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Rubies and Fancy Sapphires from Vietnam
Rubies and Fancy Sapphires from Vietnam

Gem-quality rubies and pink to purple sapphires are being recovered from the Luc Yen and Quy Chau mining regions of Vietnam.

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A Survey of the Gemstone Resources of China

China has identified many deposits with significant potential to produce gemstones; various species are discussed.

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Some Diagnostic Features of Russian Hydrothermal Synthetic Rubies and Sapphires

Most Russian hydrothermal synthetic rubies and pink, orange, green, blue and violet sapphires—coloured by chromium and/or nickel—reveal diagnostic zigzag or mosaic-like growth structures associated with colour zoning.

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A Preliminary Report on the New Lechleitner Synthetic Ruby and Synthetic Blue Sapphire

A new synthetic ruby and synthetic blue sapphire have been synthesised by Johann Lechleitner of Innsbruck, Austria.

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Carbon Dioxide Fluid Inclusions as Proof of Natural-Coloured Corundum

An important clue in identifying natural-coloured corundum is the presence of carbon dioxide fluid inclusions.

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Trapiche Rubies

Ruby crystals from Southeast Asia with a fixed six-rayed star, similar in effect to trapiche emeralds from Colombia, are described.

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