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Abstracts; Autumn 2006

This article, from the Autumn 2006 issue of Gems & Gemology, is a compilation of abstracts of important gemmology-related articles published outside of Gems & Gemology.

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Large Fluorite Sphere
Fluorite Sphere with Phosphorescent Coating

A sphere with unusual phosphorescence is seen in the Carlsbad laboratory.

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Faceted Cobalt-Diffused Spinel and Polished Plate Samples
Article
GIA Lab Reports on a New Cobalt Diffusion Treatment of Natural Spinel

Report on a new cobalt diffusion treatment of natural spinel, using analysis of inclusions, UV-Vis-NIR and EDXRF spectroscopy, and LA-ICP-MS.

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Nanocut Plasmaetched Diamonds
Cutting Diffraction Gratings to Improve Dispersion (“Fire”) in Diamonds

A new microlithography process developed to create high-resolution diffraction grating patterns on portions of certain facets can improve the dispersion of light and thus the amount of “fire” in a diamond.

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Green Amber
Characterisation of “Green Amber” With Infrared and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

A peridot-like bright greenish yellow to green gem material called “green amber” has recently appeared in the gem market.

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Spectral Differentiation Between Copper and Iron Colourants in Gem Tourmalines
Spectral Differentiation Between Copper and Iron Colourants in Gem Tourmalines

The authors used Vis-NIR spectral measurements combined with LA-ICP-MS data to investigate the usefulness of absorption spectra.

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Hydrogen-rich Diamonds
Grey-To-Blue-To-Violet Hydrogen-Rich Diamonds from the Argyle Mine, Australia

The Argyle diamond mine is the only known source of type IaB hydrogen- and nitrogen-rich diamonds coloured grey to blue to violet.

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Article
Jaipur, India: The Emerald Cutting and Trading Powerhouse

Jaipur, India, is a leading emerald cutting and trading centre for the global gem and jewellery industry. See inside the industry with a GIA field team, and learn the intricacies of a business seldom seen by the public or most members of the industry.

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Article
Living ‘Miracle to Miracle’: Gemmologist Reflects on 30 Years in the Colombian Emerald Trade

Graduate’s fascination with gems began in GIA’s warehouse and put him on a fast track to becoming an expert on Colombian emeralds.

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Coloured Diamonds in the Aurora Butterfly of Peace Collection
The “Type” Classification System of Diamonds and Its Importance in Gemmology

Knowledge of type allows gemmologists to better evaluate if a diamond might be treated or synthetic, and whether it should be sent to a laboratory for testing.

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