Gemmological Characterisation of Sapphires from Yogo Gulch, Montana
A look at the mining and distinguishing characteristics of this naturally vibrant blue sapphire.
Black Diamonds from Marange (Zimbabwe): A Result of Natural Irradiation and Graphite Inclusions
Characterises a suite of 40 natural brown to black diamonds from this deposit so that they can be distinguished from suspected treated black diamonds.
Natural-Colour Blue, Grey and Violet Diamonds: Allure of the Deep
Summarises data collected on more than 15,000 natural blue/grey/violet diamonds examined by GIA during the last decade and examines the mechanisms that produce this colour range.
Accurate Reporting of Key Trace Elements in Ruby and Sapphire Using Matrix-Matched Standards
Presents a group of corundum standards developed by GIA to improve the accuracy and efficiency of its laser ablation–inductively coupled plasma–mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) instruments.
The Very Deep Origin of the World’s Biggest Diamonds
Explores an exceptional family of diamonds, referred to as “CLIPPIR” (Cullinan-like, Large, Inclusion-Poor, Pure, Irregular and Resorbed), that formed in a super-deep environment.
True Colours of “Dalmatian Jasper”
Discusses the mineralogical composition and provenance of this spotted decorative gemstone.
Saltwater Pearls from the Pre- to Early Columbian Era: A Gemmological and Radiocarbon Dating Study
Examines 85 saltwater natural pearls, reportedly harvested from the Caribbean islands off the coast of Venezuela during the early 16th century, to determine their age.
Characterisation of Mg and Fe Contents in Nephrite Using Raman Spectroscopy
Evaluates the usefulness of Raman spectroscopy in distinguishing the colour varieties of nephrite based on the relative ratio of Mg to Fe concentration.
Causes of Iridescence in Natural Quartz
Describes the occurrence of iridescence, and the role of differential etching, in quartz crystals from India’s Jalgaon District.
Characteristics of Gem-Quality By-Product Synthetic Zincite
Investigates the properties of synthetic zincite produced by industrial kilns in Poland.