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Suite containing over 36 carats of Yogo sapphire
Gemmological Characterisation of Sapphires from Yogo Gulch, Montana

A look at the mining and distinguishing characteristics of this naturally vibrant blue sapphire.

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Timeline showing the use of garnets in different eras from 300 BCE to 700 CE
An Early Byzantine Engraved Almandine from the Garibpet Deposit, Telangana State, India: Evidence for Garnet Trade Along the Ancient Maritime Silk Road

Analyses the chemical composition and inclusion characteristics of this ancient artefact.

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Accurate Reporting of Key Trace Elements in Ruby and Sapphire Using Matrix-Matched Standards

Presents a group of corundum standards developed by GIA to improve the accuracy and efficiency of its laser ablation–inductively coupled plasma–mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) instruments.

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Rough CLIPPIR diamonds
The Very Deep Origin of the World’s Biggest Diamonds

Explores an exceptional family of diamonds, referred to as “CLIPPIR” (Cullinan-like, Large, Inclusion-Poor, Pure, Irregular and Resorbed), that formed in a super-deep environment.

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Dalmatian stone samples
True Colours of “Dalmatian Jasper”

Discusses the mineralogical composition and provenance of this spotted decorative gemstone.

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A blue synthetic star sapphire from past production of Wiede’s Carbidwerk
Synthetic Star Sapphires and Rubies Produced by Wiede’s Carbidwerk, Freyung, Germany

Details the process used by Wiede’s Carbidwerk to produce star synthetic corundum from the mid-1950s until the 1970s.

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Emerald crystals from Colombia, Afghanistan, and Zambia
Photoluminescence Spectra of Emeralds from Colombia, Afghanistan and Zambia

Compares PL spectroscopy data of 48 emerald samples from three countries to evaluate the usefulness of the technique in geographic origin determination.

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Chinese carving
Origin Determination of Dolomite-Related White Nephrite through Iterative-Binary Linear Discriminant Analysis

A technique for origin identification based on statistical analysis and LA-ICP-MS spectrometry.

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Sapphire Chart Article: Suggested Reading on Sapphires and Their Inclusions

Suggested Reading on Sapphires and their Inclusions

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Various colors of nephrite
Characterisation of Mg and Fe Contents in Nephrite Using Raman Spectroscopy

Evaluates the usefulness of Raman spectroscopy in distinguishing the colour varieties of nephrite based on the relative ratio of Mg to Fe concentration.

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