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Fluorescence image of Aurora Butterfly of Peace
An Introduction to Photoluminescence Spectroscopy for Diamond and Its Applications in Gemmology

Presents the underlying physics and methodology of this analytical technique, which has become an essential tool in identifying treated and synthetic diamonds.

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Recently discovered and legendary diamonds in the blue/gray/violet color range
Natural-Colour Blue, Grey and Violet Diamonds: Allure of the Deep

Summarises data collected on more than 15,000 natural blue/grey/violet diamonds examined by GIA during the last decade and examines the mechanisms that produce this colour range.

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Bracelet containing akoya cultured pearls from Australia
Akoya Cultured Pearl Farming in Eastern Australia

Characterises the akoya cultured pearls produced on the eastern shoreline of Australia using native Pinctada imbricata fucata molluscs.

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Rough CLIPPIR diamonds
The Very Deep Origin of the World’s Biggest Diamonds

Explores an exceptional family of diamonds, referred to as “CLIPPIR” (Cullinan-like, Large, Inclusion-Poor, Pure, Irregular and Resorbed), that formed in a super-deep environment.

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Emerald crystals from Colombia, Afghanistan, and Zambia
Photoluminescence Spectra of Emeralds from Colombia, Afghanistan and Zambia

Compares PL spectroscopy data of 48 emerald samples from three countries to evaluate the usefulness of the technique in geographic origin determination.

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Major colors of HPHT synthetic diamonds
Observations on HPHT-Grown Synthetic Diamonds: A Review

Summarises statistical data and distinctive features of several thousand gem-quality HPHT synthetic diamonds examined by GIA from 2007 through 2016.

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Jadeite boulder from Itoigawa, Japan
Japanese Jadeite: History, Characteristics and Comparison with Other Sources

Examines the sources, colour, texture and chemical composition of jadeite from Japanese deposits.

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Iridescence in iris quartz from Jalgaon, India
Causes of Iridescence in Natural Quartz

Describes the occurrence of iridescence, and the role of differential etching, in quartz crystals from India’s Jalgaon District.

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Optical defects in diamond: a quick reference chart

A simple chart of optical defects in diamond, including those that produce colouration and fluorescence colours.

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Non-nacreous Pen Pearls
Observations on Pearls Reportedly from the Pinnidae Family (Pen Pearls)

Examines the internal structure, chemical composition and spectroscopic features of 22 pen pearls.

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