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Faceted blue zircons
Reversible Colour Modification of Blue Zircon by Long-Wave Ultraviolet Radiation

Determines whether blue zircon, inadvertently altered to brown by exposure to long-wave UV radiation, can be restored to its original colour through the use of incandescent light.

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Fancy Dark brown to Fancy black Marange diamonds
Black Diamonds from Marange (Zimbabwe): A Result of Natural Irradiation and Graphite Inclusions

Characterises a suite of 40 natural brown to black diamonds from this deposit so that they can be distinguished from suspected treated black diamonds.

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Iridescence in iris quartz from Jalgaon, India
Causes of Iridescence in Natural Quartz

Describes the occurrence of iridescence, and the role of differential etching, in quartz crystals from India’s Jalgaon District.

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chrysoberyl samples
Chrysoberyl from the New England Placer Deposits, New South Wales, Australia

Examines a collection of chrysoberyl samples from these sapphire placer deposits to determine their distinct mineralogical and chemical properties.

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Optical defects in diamond: a quick reference chart

A simple chart of optical defects in diamond, including those that produce colouration and fluorescence colours.

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Fluorescence produced by optical defects in diamond: measurement, characterisation and challenges

How variations in UV lamp output can affect observed fluorescence colour and intensity.

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Color zoning in amethyst from Boudi, Morocco
Amethyst from Boudi, Morocco

An introduction to Moroccan amethyst, which features distinctive color zoning and inclusions.

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A Foundation for Grading the Overall Cut Quality of Round Brilliant Cut Diamonds

The GIA diamond cut grading system described here includes the components of brightness, fire, scintillation, polish and symmetry, as well as weight and durability concerns, into a single overall grade for cut quality for standard round brilliants.

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Gem-Quality Andalusite from Brazil

Widely known as a rock-forming mineral, andalusite is not frequently encountered as a gem material.

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Hydrogen-rich Diamonds
Grey-To-Blue-To-Violet Hydrogen-Rich Diamonds from the Argyle Mine, Australia

The Argyle diamond mine is the only known source of type IaB hydrogen- and nitrogen-rich diamonds coloured grey to blue to violet.

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