Inclusions in Natural, Synthetic and Treated Ruby
Provides a visual guide to the internal features of natural, synthetic and treated rubies.
Saltwater Pearls from the Pre- to Early Columbian Era: A Gemmological and Radiocarbon Dating Study
Examines 85 saltwater natural pearls, reportedly harvested from the Caribbean islands off the coast of Venezuela during the early 16th century, to determine their age.
Synthetic Star Sapphires and Rubies Produced by Wiede’s Carbidwerk, Freyung, Germany
Details the process used by Wiede’s Carbidwerk to produce star synthetic corundum from the mid-1950s until the 1970s.
Observations on CVD-Grown Synthetic Diamonds: A Review
Explores statistical data and defining characteristics of gem-quality CVD synthetic diamonds examined by GIA since 2003.
Near-Colourless HPHT Synthetic Diamonds from AOTC Group
Presents the gemmological and spectroscopic properties of a suite of synthetic diamonds grown by AOTC using high pressure and high temperature.
CVD Synthetic Diamonds from Gemesis Corp
An examination of the gemmological and spectroscopic properties of CVD synthetic diamonds from Gemesis Corp.
Recent Advances in CVD Synthetic Diamond Quality
A survey of recent advances in CVD synthetic diamond quality.
Synthetic Gem Materials in the 2000s: a Decade in Review
An examination of synthetics in the marketplace over the first decade of the 2000s.
Strongly Coloured Pink CVD Lab-Grown Diamonds
Pink CVD lab-grown products can be separated from natural and treated-colour natural pink diamonds by a combination of gemmological and spectroscopic properties, which are explored in this study.
The “Type” Classification System of Diamonds and Its Importance in Gemmology
Knowledge of type allows gemmologists to better evaluate if a diamond might be treated or synthetic, and whether it should be sent to a laboratory for testing.