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Accurate Reporting of Key Trace Elements in Ruby and Sapphire Using Matrix-Matched Standards

Presents a group of corundum standards developed by GIA to improve the accuracy and efficiency of its laser ablation–inductively coupled plasma–mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) instruments.

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Abstract Header from the 2009 issue of Gems & Gemology
Abstracts; Summer 2009

This article, from the Summer 2009 issue of Gems & Gemmology, is a compilation of abstracts of important gemmology-related articles published outside of Gems & Gemmology.

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Rubies and Fancy Sapphires from Vietnam
Rubies and Fancy Sapphires from Vietnam

Gem-quality rubies and pink to purple sapphires are being recovered from the Luc Yen and Quy Chau mining regions of Vietnam.

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Induced Fingerprints

This article reports the results of a series of experiments conducted to explain the phenomenon of induced fingerprints.

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The Seven Types of Yellow Sapphire and Their Stability to Light

The authors determined that there are actually seven types of "yellow" sapphire on the market today, which differ in the cause of colour and the stability of the colour to light.

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Diagnostic Features and Heat Treatment of Kashmir Sapphires

Today, only by combining different gemmological tests with years of practical experience, can a conclusive determination of the origin of a sapphire be made.

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Some Diagnostic Features of Russian Hydrothermal Synthetic Rubies and Sapphires

Most Russian hydrothermal synthetic rubies and pink, orange, green, blue and violet sapphires—coloured by chromium and/or nickel—reveal diagnostic zigzag or mosaic-like growth structures associated with colour zoning.

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The Sapphires of Mingxi, Fujian Province, China

Blue sapphires from China are similar to gem corundum from Australia, Thailand, and Kampuchea (Camodia).

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The Separation of Natural from Synthetic Colourless Sapphire

Greater amounts of colourless sapphire—promoted primarily as diamond substitutes, but also as natural gemstones—have been seen in the gem market during the past decade.

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Carbon Dioxide Fluid Inclusions as Proof of Natural-Coloured Corundum

An important clue in identifying natural-coloured corundum is the presence of carbon dioxide fluid inclusions.

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