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Beryllium Diffusion of Ruby and Sapphire

The heat treatment of corundum involving lattice diffusion of beryllium (Be) at temperatures over 1800°C has become a major issue in the gem trade.

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Abstract Header from the 2009 issue of Gems & Gemology
Abstracts; Summer 2009

This article, from the Summer 2009 issue of Gems & Gemmology, is a compilation of abstracts of important gemmology-related articles published outside of Gems & Gemmology.

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Ruby and Sapphire from Jegdalek, Afghanistan
Ruby and Sapphire from Jegdalek, Afghanistan

This study provides detailed mining and gemmological information on the Jegdalek deposit, in east-central Afghanistan, which is hosted by elongate beds of corundum-bearing marble.

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The Yogo Sapphire Deposit
The Yogo Sapphire Deposit

Yogo Gulch, discovered more than 100 years ago, is one of four major sapphire-producing areas in Montana, United States.

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Rubies and Fancy Sapphires from Vietnam
Rubies and Fancy Sapphires from Vietnam

Gem-quality rubies and pink to purple sapphires are being recovered from the Luc Yen and Quy Chau mining regions of Vietnam.

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Heat Treating the Sapphires of Rock Creek, Montana

Renewed interest in large-scale commercial mining of Montana sapphires motivated a detailed study of the heat treatment of sapphire from the Rock Creek deposit.

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Sapphires from Changle in Shandong Province, China
Sapphires from Changle in Shandong Province, China

The fact that significant amounts of sapphire have been found in situ at Changle makes it unique among sapphire deposits in basaltic terrains around the world.

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Natural Sapphires
The Effects of Heat Treatment on Zircon Inclusions in Madagascar Sapphires

Zircon inclusions in sapphires from Madagascar were studied to investigate the effects of heat treatment on their gemmological and spectroscopic features.

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Tairus Hydrothermal Synthetic Sapphires Doped with Nickel and Chromium

Researchers from the Tairus joint venture have developed the technology for the hydrothermal growth of gem-quality crystals of synthetic sapphire.

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An Examination of Four Important Gems

Several famous and historical gemstones in the Smithsonian's collection are examined and reported on.

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