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A row of five low-quality bead cultured pearls.
Article
A Study on Improving the Surface Appearance of Low-Quality Pinctada maxima Bead Cultured Pearls

In this study, the Bangkok laboratory examined five low-quality bead cultured pearls sourced directly from a local pearl factory and characterised their features before and after processing.

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A white and purple pearl sitting in half of its shell.
Article
Clam Chowder with a Side of Pearl

Recently, GIA’s laboratory in New York had the opportunity to examine a fascinating pearl find and hear about an even more fascinating story.

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Man stands in front a GIA banner that features gemstones.
Article
The ABCs of Pearls Reveal Fascinating Aspects of Gems from the Deep

“The A-Z of Pearls”, with at least one pearl-related subject for each letter of the alphabet, was presented in Thailand recently.

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Non-nacreous Pen Pearls
Observations on Pearls Reportedly from the Pinnidae Family (Pen Pearls)

Examines the internal structure, chemical composition and spectroscopic features of 22 pen pearls.

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Article
Pearl Species and Localities

Learn more about pearl species, localities and growth, along with definitions for the 7 Pearl Value Factors™ and the terminology GIA uses to describe your pearl.

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Atypical Freshwater Cultured Pearls with Damaged Nacre

The New York lab received four baroque-shaped pearls with damaged nacre layers

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Non-nacreous Pearls
Natural Pearls Reportedly from a Spondylus Species (“Thorny” Oyster)

A rare look at natural pearls from a known Spondylus species, commonly called “thorny” oysters.

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Giant Clam Pearl
A Large Baroque Tridacna Gigas (Giant Clam) Pearl

This giant clam pearl was noteworthy for its size and interesting colouration, and its pronounced banding when viewed with transmitted light.

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Article
Paspaley: Inside an Exclusive South Sea Pearl Auction

Fine-quality South Sea cultured pearls can be seen in the world’s fashion capitals, but they all start their journey to market at the auction. GIA offers a rare look inside one of the biggest.

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Enormous South Sea Cultured Pearl Filled with Cultured Pearls

An unusually large cultured pearl was filled with multiple cultured pearls, perhaps after the emergence of an original single-bead nucleus.

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