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Australian opal miner
Article
Chasing the Rainbow: Australian Opal Fields Expedition

Australia is the most famous source of opals in the world. The black opals from Lightning Ridge are the most valuable opals ever produced. Journey with us on this expedition to the Australian outback to see how these rugged individuals mine opals and why they chase the rainbow of colour.

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Three pieces of labradorite with yellow, blue and green flashes of color.
Article
Optical Effects of Phenomenal Cabochons

Learn how the structure, inclusions and properties of some gemstones interact with light to create unusual visual effects.

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Opal
Article
Opal Quality Factors

Individual opals are as diverse as snowflakes or fingerprints and can vary widely in appearance and quality. Learn about the factors that make opals so desirable!

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Opal
Article
Opal History and Lore

Writers have compared opals to volcanoes, galaxies and fireworks. Admirers gave extraordinary opals poetic names like Pandora, Light of the World and Empress.

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Opal
Article
Opal Description

Opal is known for its unique display of flashing rainbow colours called play-of-colour. There are two broad classes of opal: precious and common. Precious opal displays play-of-colour, common opal does not.

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Article
The Real Gemmology of Ethiopian Opals in ‘Uncut Gems’

This article takes a look at the rough opal that plays a major role in the Adam Sandler film “Uncut Gems”. What is the real gemmology of opals?

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A large group of people outside on GIA’s Carlsbad, California  campus.
Article
Guardians of Trust: GIA’s Innovative Research, Instruments and Services

GIA’s services and instruments have grown in importance and impact as new gem treatments and laboratory-grown gems have entered the market.

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An oval shaped 33.40 ct white Australian opal and diamond pendant/brooch set in platinum.
Article
The Enigmatic Gemstone: Opal’s Playful Dance with Light

Opal’s play-of-colour is a lyrical dance: sometimes a grand jeté of bold, broad flashes of colour or smaller, quicksteps of pinpoint flashes.

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A view from behind of a bejeweled winged insect.
Article
A Glittering Garden: A Menagerie of Designs from Mother Nature

Delightful garden creatures and flowers are favourite subjects that transform beautifully into Victorian, Art Nouveau and modern jewellery designs.

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Bursts of yellow and purple radiate throughout this round-cut ametrine.
Article
Colourblocking: The Art and Fashion of Multicoloured Gemstones

The fashion trend of colourblocking can be found in the artistic combinations of colour in multicoloured gemstones known for their colour zoning or banding.

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