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A large group of people outside on GIA’s Carlsbad, California  campus.
Article
Guardians of Trust: GIA’s Innovative Research, Instruments and Services

GIA’s services and instruments have grown in importance and impact as new gem treatments and laboratory-grown gems have entered the market.

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Emerald crystals from Colombia, Afghanistan, and Zambia
Photoluminescence Spectra of Emeralds from Colombia, Afghanistan and Zambia

Compares PL spectroscopy data of 48 emerald samples from three countries to evaluate the usefulness of the technique in geographic origin determination.

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Colombian Emeralds
Colombian Emerald Mining: Will the Giant Awaken?

Overview and commentary on the 2013 The Journal of Gemmology article “Peñas Blancas: An Historic Colombian Emerald Mine".

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Unusual Curved Colour Zoning In Emerald

A report on a 1.17 ct emerald obtained in Kabul, Afghanistan for GIA's permanent reference collection

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On the Identification of Various Emerald Filling Substances

Criteria for distinguishing emerald filling substances were investigated.

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Emeralds from the Mananjary Region, Madagascar: Internal Features

Mananjary emeralds usually can be separated from emeralds from other localities by means of associations of certain mineral inclusions.

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Emeralds from the Ural Mountains, USSR
Emeralds from the Ural Mountains, USSR

Emeralds are again being mined in the historic district of the Ural Mountains. Physical, chemical, spectroscopic and microscopic characteristics of stones from the recent production are presented and compared with data on older samples as well as those reported in the literature.

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Opticon treatment
Fracture Filling of Emeralds Opticon and Traditional "Oils"

The filling of surface-reaching breaks in emeralds is a relatively common practice, for which various kinds of oils and a natural resin have historically been used.

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Emeralds of the Panjshir Valley, Afghanistan
Emeralds of the Panjshir Valley, Afghanistan

With the withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan, villagers in the Panjshir Valley are turning their attention to the emerald riches of the nearby Hindu Kush Mountains.

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Confusing, Triangular Inclusions in an Art Deco-Style Pin
Spring 1991 G&G Lab Notes

This section, from the Spring 1991 issue of Gems & Gemmology, is a compilation of interesting finds from GIA’s laboratories.

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