Abstracts; Summer 2009
This article, from the Summer 2009 issue of Gems & Gemmology, is a compilation of abstracts of important gemmology-related articles published outside of Gems & Gemmology.
The Biron Hydrothermal Synthetic Emerald
A new synthetic emerald exhibits some characteristics that are distinctly different from other synthetic emeralds, such as gold inclusions.
Confocal Micro-Raman Spectroscopy: A Powerful Tool to Identify Natural and Synthetic Emeralds
More than 300 natural and synthetic emeralds from various sources were examined with confocal Raman spectroscopy.
Gemmological Investigation of a New Type of Russian Hydrothermal Synthetic Emerald
Tairus, in Novosibirsk, has produced yet another new type of Russian hydrothermal synthetic emerald.
The Lennix Synthetic Emerald
An examination of the gemmological properties of a French flux fusion-grown synthetic emerald.
The Chromium Content of Lechleitner Synthetic Emerald Overgrowth
The higher the chromium content in synthetic emerald overgrowth, the darker the coating and appearance of the stone will be.
Russian Flux-Grown Synthetic Emeralds
The properties and techniques of flux-grown synthetic emeralds from Russia are discussed.
Growth Method and Growth-Related Properties of a New Type of Russian Hydrothermal Synthetic Emerald
A new type of Russian hydrothermal synthetic emerald is produced.