Characterisation of the New Malossi Hydrothermal Synthetic Emerald
A new production of hydrothermal synthetic emeralds.
Characterisation of Chinese Hydrothermal Synthetic Emerald
Synthetic emeralds grown hydrothermally in an alkali-free, chlorine-bearing solution have been manufactured in Guilin, China, since 1987.
Growth Method and Growth-Related Properties of a New Type of Russian Hydrothermal Synthetic Emerald
A new type of Russian hydrothermal synthetic emerald is produced.
Gemmological Investigation of a New Type of Russian Hydrothermal Synthetic Emerald
Tairus, in Novosibirsk, has produced yet another new type of Russian hydrothermal synthetic emerald.
"Emeraldolite": A New Synthetic Emerald Overgrowth on Natural Beryl
This article describes a new manufactured gem material marketed under the trade name "Emeraldolite," which is an epitaxial growth of flux synthetic emerald on opaque white beryl.
The Lennix Synthetic Emerald
An examination of the gemmological properties of a French flux fusion-grown synthetic emerald.
The Separation of Natural from Synthetic Emeralds by Infrared Spectroscopy
The technique is nondestructive and, with Fourier transform instrumentation, extremely rapid in comparison to most laboratory methods.
The Biron Hydrothermal Synthetic Emerald
A new synthetic emerald exhibits some characteristics that are distinctly different from other synthetic emeralds, such as gold inclusions.
Russian Flux-Grown Synthetic Emeralds
The properties and techniques of flux-grown synthetic emeralds from Russia are discussed.
The Chemical Distinction of Natural from Synthetic Emeralds
Natural and synthetic emeralds are studied to identify the chemical differences between them.