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A row of various shaped cut and polished pink diamonds.
Article
Why are Pink Diamonds Pink? GIA Researchers Dive Deep into their Crystal Structure

GIA researchers analysed more than 90,000 natural pink diamonds to better understand how these rare and beautiful diamonds formed and got their colour.

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Rough CLIPPIR diamonds
The Very Deep Origin of the World’s Biggest Diamonds

Explores an exceptional family of diamonds, referred to as “CLIPPIR” (Cullinan-like, Large, Inclusion-Poor, Pure, Irregular and Resorbed), that formed in a super-deep environment.

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Emerald crystals from Colombia, Afghanistan, and Zambia
Photoluminescence Spectra of Emeralds from Colombia, Afghanistan and Zambia

Compares PL spectroscopy data of 48 emerald samples from three countries to evaluate the usefulness of the technique in geographic origin determination.

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Major colors of HPHT synthetic diamonds
Observations on HPHT-Grown Synthetic Diamonds: A Review

Summarises statistical data and distinctive features of several thousand gem-quality HPHT synthetic diamonds examined by GIA from 2007 through 2016.

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Jadeite boulder from Itoigawa, Japan
Japanese Jadeite: History, Characteristics and Comparison with Other Sources

Examines the sources, colour, texture and chemical composition of jadeite from Japanese deposits.

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Iridescence in iris quartz from Jalgaon, India
Causes of Iridescence in Natural Quartz

Describes the occurrence of iridescence, and the role of differential etching, in quartz crystals from India’s Jalgaon District.

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Fluorescence image of Aurora Butterfly of Peace
An Introduction to Photoluminescence Spectroscopy for Diamond and Its Applications in Gemmology

Presents the underlying physics and methodology of this analytical technique, which has become an essential tool in identifying treated and synthetic diamonds.

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Multi-colored gems are superimposed on an image of glacier peaks.
Article
Gems and Minerals from the Sub-Arctic

Circumnavigate the boreal reaches of the globe to explore gems from polar regions.

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Three pieces of labradorite with yellow, blue and green flashes of color.
Article
Optical Effects of Phenomenal Cabochons

Learn how the structure, inclusions and properties of some gemstones interact with light to create unusual visual effects.

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