The ancient Egyptians mined peridot on the Red Sea island of Zabargad, the source of many large fine peridots in the world’s museums. The Egyptians called it the “gem of the sun”. Today this gem is still prized for its restful yellowish green hues and long history. Large, strongly-coloured examples can be spectacular, and attractive smaller gems are available for jewellery at all price points.
Birthstones & Anniversaries
Peridot is the birthstone for August and the gemstone for the 15th wedding anniversary.
Some peridot is ancient: it's found in pallasite meteorites, remnants of our solar system's birth.
In 2005, peridot was found in comet dust brought back from the
Stardust robotic space probe.
Gem variety of the mineral olivine: found in peridotite rock from the
earth’s upper mantle.
There are a number of processes used to alter the colour or apparent clarity, or to improve the durability of gems.Learn More
Some gemstones have synthetic counterparts that have essentially the same chemical, physical and optical properties, but are grown by man in a laboratory.Learn More
Any gem can be imitated – sometimes by man-made materials or by natural materials chosen by man to impersonate a particular gem.Learn More
Why We Love This Gemstone
Peridot crystals are found in meteorites – some rare extraterrestrial crystals are even big enough to facet as cut gemstones.
Most gems are coloured by impurities such as iron. Peridot's colour is intrinsically yellow-green. Higher-quality stones have an intense colour.
Peridot has extremely high double refraction – when you look closely through the gem, you can see two of each pavilion facet.
Beautiful, yellowish green peridot has been treasured since earliest times.
Although the best peridot is a pure grass green, most peridot is yellowish-green.
Most fine peridot is eye clean. Tiny black spots might be visible with magnification.
Peridot is cut in a wide variety of styles, including ovals, emerald cuts, and cushions.
Large crystals of peridot have cut gems more than 50 carats in size.
Peridot Quality Factors: The Comprehensive Guide
Explore sources, gemmological research and the role of gems in history.
Peridot from the Central Highlands of Vietnam: Properties, Origin, and FormationNguyen Thi Minh Thuyet, Christoph Hauzenberger, Nguyen Ngoc Khoi, Cong Thi Diep, Chu Van Lam, Nguyen Thi Minh, Nguyen Hoang, and Tobias Häger , Nov 7, 2016 Read more in English
Identification of Extraterrestrial Peridot by Trace ElementsAndy H. Shen, John I. Koivula, and James E. Shigley Read more in English
Characterisation of Peridot from Sardinia, ItalyIlaria Adamo, Rosangela Bocchio, Alessandro Pavese, and Loredana Prosperi Read more in English