Back to gem encyclopedia


Morganite is the pink to orange-pink variety of beryl, a mineral that includes emerald and aquamarine.

Responsive image
Natural colour

Blends of pink and orange are typical natural morganite colours.

Responsive image

At 146.58 cts., this oval-cut morganite is a sizeable specimen.

Responsive image

This stone displays stronger colours at the ends of its oval shape.

Responsive image
Responsive image
Hexagonal shape

This crystal displays the typical hexagonal growth patterns of beryl.

Responsive image
Associated minerals

This morganite crystal is nestled in lepidocrocite.

Responsive image

This crystal formed to resemble a series of hexagonal steps.

Responsive image


About morganite

Photographed for the CIBJO project from the Dr. Eduard J. Gubelin Collection. Oval morganite, 68.38 ct, from Vakinankaratra region, Mahaiza (5), Tongafeno, Antananarivo Province, Madagascar, collection# 34393; square cut heliodor, 14.43 ct, from Bom Jesus Do Lufa (), Brumado, Minas Gerais, Brazil, collection# 34281; round goshenite, 8.5 ct, from Rio Doce 3, 3, Minas Gerais, Brazil, collection# 33007; rectangular cut green beryl, 10.29 ct, from SRI Ratnapura (India? KK (), Ratnapura, Sri Lanka, collection# 34815; emerald cut Maxixe beryl, 7.20 ct, from unknown locality, collection# 25919; rectangular step cut yellowish-green beryl, 13.82 ct, from ZIM MASHW Karoi Miami (4)

Morganite’s subtle colour is caused by traces of manganese. Because morganite has distinct pleochroism - pale pink and a deeper bluish pink - it’s necessary to orientate the rough carefully for fashioning. Strong colour in morganite is rare, and gems usually have to be large to achieve the finest colour.

Morganite Description

Morganite History and Lore

Salmon colour

Untreated morganite often has a strong orange colour component, creating a salmon colour.


Morganite crystals can be large, with specimens from Brazil weighing over 10 kilograms.


Morganite was named after J.P. Morgan, one of the greatest financiers in history.


  • Mineral: Beryl
    Chemical composition


There are a number of processes used to alter the colour or apparent clarity, or to improve the durability of gems.

Learn More


Some gemstones have synthetic counterparts that have essentially the same chemical, physical and optical properties, but are grown by man in a laboratory.

Learn More


Any gem can be imitated – sometimes by man-made materials or by natural materials chosen by man to impersonate a particular gem.

Learn More
gem love

Why We Love This Gemstone

Multiphase inclusions

Morganite can contain liquid inclusions that contain gas bubbles and possibly also solid phases.

Flatter prisms

Morganite forms beautiful hexagonal prism crystals that tend to be flatter than aquamarine crystals.


Morganite often comes in lighter pastel shades of pink.

Quality Factors

Morganite can be pink, purplish pink, or orangey pink; often light in tone.


quality factors

Although commonly light in tone, top-quality material is a strong pink.


quality factors

Faceted morganite, in light and stronger colours, usually has no eye-visible inclusions.


quality factors

Light-coloured crystals might be cut a little deep to intensify the colour.

Carat Weight

quality factors

Morganite comes in a variety of sizes, including large faceted gems and designer cuts.

Morganite Quality Factors: The Comprehensive Guide

Radioactive Morganite

Hiroshi Kitawaki, Yoichi Horikawa, Katsumi Shozugawa, and Norio Nogawa Read more in English

Gem Pegmatites of Minas Gerais, Brazil: Exploration, Occurrence, and Aquamarine Deposits

Keith Proctor , Jun 1, 1984 Read more in English