A Tropical Paradise of Ocean-Inspired Jewellery and Gemstones
August 9, 2019
A tropical paradise conjures up images of swaying palm trees, the soothing sound of ocean waves and intoxicating floral fragrances. If this holiday is not on your agenda, you can escape to a warm-water paradise in your mind with these jewels that formed in the sea, are inspired by marine life and evoke the ocean’s essence.
Gems from the Sea
The ocean provides us with a variety of pearls, shells and coral – all top-of-mind when we think of gems from the sea, whether natural or cultured.
The Pantone Color Institute named “Living Coral” its colour of the year for 2019, reminding us that coral is a living member of the animal world and contributes to the health of the ocean ecosystem. Coral is a protected species and subject to regulation in the United States, requiring declaration and licensing permits from the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. Black coral, found in Hawaii, is the only coral that can be legally harvested in the U.S. All other corals are imported, usually from China. Gem-quality coral is primarily found in the Mediterranean and in the Pacific Ocean off the coasts of Japan and Taiwan.
The warm waters of Australia, Indonesia, the Philippines and Myanmar (formerly Burma) are the pearling regions and natural home of Pinctada maxima, a large bivalve mollusk and the source of South Sea cultured pearls. South Sea pearls are known for their thick nacre, satiny lustre, large size, and subtle array of colours. The silver-lipped P. maxima produces white to silver pearls and the gold-lipped P. maxima produces mostly yellow to orangey yellow pearls, called “golden” in the trade.
French Polynesia is the only area with optimal conditions for the subspecies Pinctada margaritifera cumingii, the black-lipped mollusk used to culture black Tahitian pearls. Historically, black pearls were found in North America in the Sea of Cortez in the Gulf of California in pre-Columbian times. La Paz became the main commercial centre for pearls in the 16th century.
Eyris®cultured blue pearls of the abalone Haliotis iris or Paua shell native to New Zealand, form as a blister – a dome shape inside the abalone shell. It takes up to three years to culture each blister pearl. With an overall success rate of 25 percent, these cultured pearls are truly in a class of their own. With iridescent colours shimmering like the ocean waves, the pearls are sometimes tinged by rare blue colours. Their mesmerising colours can range from blues and greens, to golds and pink, with some having splashes of red and violet.
Carvings Inspired by Sea Life
The colours, textures and movements of sea life are fascinating to observe, especially when depicted as jewellery or sculptures.
The intricate patterns and romance of sea creatures, fauna and flora is masterfully rendered by gemstone carvers Patrick Dreher and his father, the late Gerd Dreher. Their dynasty has passed techniques from father to son for 13 generations over a period of five centuries. The Dreher carvings have an unsurpassed quality of realism, due in part to the advancement of diamond-sintered tools, and in greater part to their devoted observation of their subject’s nature.
Warm, tropical waters are known for colourful sea life and enamelling is a metal technique that offers a great opportunity to add colour to a design. Louis Comfort Tiffany began exploring jewellery making and enamelling, a process in which glass is fused to metal, in the early 1900s. The green and blue sailfish brooch by Tiffany & Co. recalls the 1930s when sportfishing was popular among the elite in the U.S.
Gems that Evoke the Sea
There are several gem materials whose colours remind of us the sea, and jewellery designers and gem carvers take advantage of them to create ocean-inspired pieces.
Discovered in 1960 in the hot, arid desert in Ajo, Arizona, papagoite is a rare cyclosilicate mineral. It was named after the Sand Papago people who inhabit the area. This is the only known source in the United States, although worldwide it is also found in South Africa and Namibia. Its bright blue colour is its most notable characteristic, and it is used as a gemstone.
Labradorite lends itself to interpretation by the jewellery artist. Its shifting blue and grey colours mimic the ebb and flow of the ocean. Because labradorite is a plagioclase feldspar, it can form fine, microscopic, intergrown layers of albite and other plagioclase feldspars. When light hits the layers, the light waves interfere with each other, creating bands of shimmering spectral colour, typically blues and greens. This phenomenon is called labradorescence, named after the mineral that displays it.
Boulder opals are mined from large ironstone boulders under the ground. Thin veins of colourful opalforms in cracks and fissures in these boulders. Because these veins of colour are so thin, opal cutters need to leave the ironstone on the back of the opal to form a full-sized stone. The thin layer of opal in boulder opals can display any colour of the spectrum in a beautiful play-of-colour.
A tropical island getaway may only be a daydream, but you can treat yourself with ocean-inspired jewellery whenever you desire.
Sharon Bohannon, a media editor who researches, catalogues and documents photos, is a GIA GG and GIA AJP. She works in the Richard T. Liddicoat Gemological Library and Information Center.