Good Luck Charms

Art Deco four-leaf clover shaped mother-of-pearl brooch
Gems and jewellery are often used as good luck charms because they can evoke power and positivity. Check out these lucky charms used around the world. Courtesy: De Agostini Picture Library, A. Dagli Orti , The Bridgeman Art Library

Wishing for good luck probably started with the arrival of our species. For millennia, we’ve been wooing the kinder fates to grant us our most cherished wishes. Our quest to ensure a happy tomorrow has included wearing good luck charms.

Gems have long been enlisted as good luck charms because they have often symbolised power and positivity. Wearing a gem set in jewellery became a talisman – a shield of protection that warded off troubles and brought happiness. By putting on such jewellery, wearers were constantly reminded of a bright future, and found the inspiration to be confident, have hope and think positively.

Good luck charms are found around the world. They transcend time and place. Here we share some of the more famous ones.

The Luck of the Irish: Lore of the Four-Leaf Clover

Four-leaf clovers may be the best-known good luck charm in the West, and an icon of St Patrick’s Day. St Patrick supposedly used a three-leaf clover to teach the faithful about the Holy Trinity – the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost – and this is where clovers may have got their reputation. Four-leaf clovers are far rarer than three-leaf clovers, and finding such a treasure is practically proof of one’s good luck. They also come with delightful lore: carrying one revealed fairies hiding behind flowers.

14K gold four-leaf clover necklace
Artful use of negative space gives this 14K gold four-leaf clover necklace extra charm. For more good luck, there’s a diamond accent on the bottom. Courtesy of Jane Basch Jewelry Designs

Warding Off the Evil Eye: The Hamsa Hand

Meaning “the Hand of God”, the Hamsa is a symbol the ancient Jews used to ward off the “evil eye” and dark spiritual forces. It also was thought to bring the wearer strength and blessings. The Hamsa was woven into jewellery and placed near the doorways of one’s home – and it’s still a popular adornment.

Rough diamond Hamsa Hand symbol
Hewn out of diamond rough, this 11.4 carats (cts) diamond Hamsa is a symbol of raw power.

Elephants Are Auspicious

The cultures of Asia have long thought the elephant to be a symbol of good luck. The largest of land animals, they are revered as the embodiment of dignity, goodness, strength, loyalty and longevity. Ganesha – the elephant god of India – is called the “Remover of Obstacles”, and is a richly symbolic figure that represents, among other things, wisdom, knowledge, protection and the letting go of things of the world in order to attain the divine. Elephants and Ganesha make regular appearances in jewellery and sculpture in the East and West.

18K yellow gold elephant pendant/brooch
The majesty of the elephant is on full display in this 18K yellow gold pendant/brooch strung with lapis lazuli and diamond rondelles. Rubies and sapphires adorn the head and shoulder plates. Designed and gifted by Joanne Stacher, GIA GG

China’s Mythical Dragon

The dragon is an ancient symbol of good luck in China. The mythical beast could stop floods, bring rains, control the seas, escort humans to higher realms after death and protect them from harm while on earth. They were also the personification of valour, nobility, dignity, perseverance, intelligence and more. Dragons grace temples, bells, bridges, swords and, of course, jewellery.

Contemporary dragon brooch
Ricardo Basta’s contemporary dragon brooch has an engraved golden head with ivory horns and trailing whiskers of elephant hair. Its pointed crest is pavé-set with diamonds and its scaly green sapphire neck has a soft mother of pearl underside. The dragon's reptilian eye glitters with a tsavorite inlaid with black onyx; its fiery breath pours out in a cloud of Mexican fire opal. Courtesy of Ricardo Basta

Lucky Ladybirds

Ladybirds are universally thought to be bringers of good luck. They were a symbol of protection in the Middle Ages, and a sign that unwed women would find their true love. And if a ladybird landed on you, something wonderful was sure to happen.

Ladybird pendant necklace
This Tiffany & Co. ladybird pendant necklace with enamel, diamond and platinum should bring a smile to the wearer – and perhaps a happy tomorrow. Courtesy of 1stdibs.com

Good Luck Gems

Some believe gems are imbued with good luck. Peridot prevented night terrors, according to the Ancient Egyptians.

Polished peridot gemstone
This richly coloured Peridot should bring sweet dreams and a good night’s sleep.

In terms of price per carat, ruby is one of the most expensive gemstones. Ancients thought that they brought good luck and Burmese warriors wore rubies to make them invincible in battle.

8.48 cts Burmese ruby
Maria-José (1906-2001), the last queen of Italy, owned this exceptional ruby and diamond. The centre stone, an exquisite Burmese ruby weighing 8.48 cts, has one of the most sought-after hues. Courtesy of Sotheby's

Fears of sorcerers and spells are a thing of the past. But if you were ever cornered by a wicked witch, you’d probably want a little help. An emerald will do in such a jam: they were believed to offer protection against evil spells. Just ask Dorothy, who found safety and a way home in Oz’s mythical Emerald City.

Sapphires have long been associated with royalty and romance, nobility and truth, and sincerity and faithfulness. They also were good luck charms: the kings and queens of Ancient Greece and Rome were convinced that blue sapphires protected them from envy and harm.

1.02 cts marquis-shaped untreated sapphire
A 1.02 cts marquis-shaped untreated sapphire surrounded by diamonds – how could something so beautiful not bring good luck? Courtesy of 1stdibs.com

Revered for millennia, Jade is another token of good luck. Stone Age workers in Europe, China and the Americas shaped this tough gem into tools and weapons, as well as objects for rituals and adornment. For Mayans and Aztecs, jade meant relief from aches and pains and symbolised prosperity, success and good luck. In China, jade is associated with clarity of mind and spirit, and some believe that as the gem takes on the bad chi (energy) of the wearer, it changes colour.

Amber is held to be a good luck stone for love and marriage. As an added bonus, it’s believed to bring protection to the wearer and make desires come true. That’s a proposition enticing enough to make one want to own a piece.

93.87 cts amber bead
A cricket is forever immortalised in this 93.87 cts amber bead.

Gems with a “cat’s eye” (called “chatoyancy”) display a marvellous phenomenon: they have a single band of light that glows down the middle of the gem. It does resemble a feline sizing up its surroundings. Nothing slips past a cat, and perhaps this is why they were thought to protect against evil spirits.

20.65 cts bi-coloured tourmaline
The hand of a skilled gem cutter gave this 20.65 cts bi-coloured tourmaline a chatoyant band. Courtesy of Ralph Mueller & Associates

There just might be something to the power of good luck charms. In 2010, a team of psychologists from the University of Cologne in Germany found that belief in good luck charms improved performance. Those who used a lucky golf ball sunk 35% more putts than those without good luck charms.

So jewellery lovers take note: Deck yourself out in your favourite lucky charms and gems for an extra dose of magic. There’s no shortage of bejewelled good luck charms you can wear to encourage a little extra luck in your life.